Root Planing and Scaling: What are the Major Differences

Are you planning to get the dental treatment that makes you feel comfortable, confident, and happier? But how can you do this? What things do you have to explore while picking the dental treatment, like scaling and root planing?

Before picking any dental treatments, check the difference between root planing and scaling to make an appropriate choice. However, both of these are two popular dental treatments that can help to improve the appearance and health of your teeth. 

This article will let you know what both of these treatments are? What are the differences? Scroll down to this article right away. 

Root Planing: What is it?

Root planing is a dental procedure used to remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from the root surfaces of teeth. It is often performed along with scaling, which is the removal of plaque and calculus from the crowns of teeth. Root planing can be done without or with anesthesia.

Scaling: What is it?

The term scaling generally refers to removing plaque and calculus from teeth. This is an essential part of dental treatment, as it helps to keep teeth healthy and free from decay. 

When the plaque in the mouth is not removed, it can cause cavities to develop. Calculus is a hard deposit that can form on the teeth over time and can be difficult to remove without professional help.

Scaling is typically performed by a dentist or dental hygienist, using special tools and equipment. The process can be slightly uncomfortable for some patients, but it is essential for keeping teeth healthy. In most cases, scaling is a necessary part of preventive dental care.

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The Difference: What sets them apart?

Root planing and scaling are standard dental procedures used to treat different oral health problems. Though they share some similarities, there are also some critical differences between the two procedures.

Root Planing

Using a scalpel, root planing removes the surface of your teeth. Some of the unique points of scaling as a dental treatment involve: 

  1. For Improving Teeth Appearance 

Root planing is a type of dental restoration where the root surfaces of teeth are cleaned and polished. 

  1. Less invasive 

As a result, the root surface is not sawed or broken in this procedure. So, if you are afraid of different invasion tools, then root planing is the best option for you. 

  1. Help to Determine Further Treatment

The key benefit of root planing is that it can remove areas of tooth decay. It targets the areas that did not get the severe issues. It can also remove dentin, making your teeth look smoother and brighter.


  1. Aid with Teeth Structure Improvement

Scaling is a type of dental restoration where a layer of artificial tooth material is placed over the natural tooth surface. This material can replace lost tooth structure or improve teeth’ appearance. 

  1. Best for Removing Damaged Roots

Scaling is a process for removing diseased or damaged roots. It effectively removes damaged tooth roots and can help improve your teeth’ overall health.

  1. Prevent the Tooth Decay

Scaling is the application of a thin layer of abrasive material to the surface of teeth, which helps remove surface deposits and improve tooth hygiene. Thus, it decreases the risk of tooth decay. 

How to Choose a Dental Treatment? Things to Consider


The dentist’s office may be in a rural area or a city. You should consider the location before making an appointment.

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One of the top factors is the cost of dental treatment. However, it is different due to every place’s requirement. You should be sure to compare prices before making an appointment.


Most dental insurance plans will cover at least some of the cost of dental treatment. 

Dental Emergencies

Call the dentist immediately if you have an emergency. Otherwise, make arrangements to have dental treatment later in the day or


When to use each treatment?

There are many different dental treatments, and it can be challenging to know which one to choose for your specific situation. 

Root planing is a deep-cleaning treatment used to remove plaque and tartar from the roots of teeth. It is considered best for people who have gingivitis or periodontitis.

Scaling is a surface-cleaning treatment used to remove plaque from the surfaces of teeth. People with cavities or gum disease may need this treatment.

Root Planing vs. Scaling: Which is better?

This procedure removes plaque and tartar from teeth below the gum line. This deep cleaning can help to improve gum health and reduce the risk of gum disease.

Scaling is a procedure used to remove plaque and tartar from teeth above the gum line. It can help to reduce the risk of cavities and other dental problems.

What are the steps involved in scaling and root planing?

It can remove the shallow roots of teeth for better dental health. It is most often used on teeth that are difficult or impossible to clean and treat with dentures or partial dentures.

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The procedure involves making horizontal cuts into the tooth’s root surface and then removing the loosened underlying roots with a chisel-like scalpel tool. Scaling is a similar procedure to Removing excess gum tissue from around teeth.

So, both of these treatment has different ways of treatment. If you don’t know what medication is best for you, you can consult a professional dentist. 


All in all, root planing and scaling are essential dental procedures that help maintain oral health. However, there are minor differences in these dental treatments.

Root planing is used to remove plaque and tartar from the roots of teeth, while scaling removes plaque and tartar from the teeth’s surface.

Moreover, root planing is typically a more intensive procedure than scaling, and it may be necessary to undergo root planing more than once a year to achieve optimal oral health.


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