Psoriasis is a chronic disease that can cause red spots, dander, and itching. Although not dangerous, psoriasis is an inherited disease that can be difficult to deal with daily.
It is a chronic skin disease characterized by erythematous-squamous lesions. Psoriasis is common both in men than in women.
Psoriasis induces an abnormal reaction in the renewal of skin cells. A substance wrongly identified by the body as an invader is fought off, and after successful intervention by the immune system, the immune system’s response does not stop. New skin cells are created and pushed to the surface at a rate that does not remove dead cells. This build-up of excess skin cells forms the hallmarks of psoriasis. The white scales that cover the lesion are made up of dead cells, and the redness of the lesion is due to the influx of blood in the area of rapid cell division.
Causes and contributing factors to psoriasis
The causes of psoriasis are still mysterious even if it is assumed that it requires genetic predispositions associated with a triggering factor 1;
We only know that cell renewal is seven times faster than usual and is accompanied by thickening of the skin and pruritus in half of the cases. In about 30% of cases, there is a genetic predisposition. Several genes have been identified, but their level of responsibility for the onset of the disease remains unknown.
What types of psoriasis are there?
There are several types of psoriasis, which correspond to appropriate Psoriasis treatment Pennsylvania and natural treatments. That’s why it’s essential to know which one is affecting you.
The most common is plaque psoriasis. It is characterized by excessive patches on the skin of the knees, elbows, face, ears and back.
The rashes can turn into red patches with well-defined scales and contours. Plaque psoriasis causes severe itching or bleeding due to dry skin or excessive itching. On the scalp, the rankings are white, like dandruff. As for psoriasis of the nails, they break or peel off, sometimes at the start of growth.
Guttate psoriasis is often characterized by small red spots on the torso or bust and the extremities of the limbs, such as the ears, face and scalp. It can also cause lesions, which are less severe than plaque psoriasis. Guttate psoriasis usually appears in people under the age of 30. A cold climate that dries out the skin can trigger strep or psoriasis.
This type of psoriasis mainly affects adults. It is characterized by the appearance of blisters or white pustules (pus). The skin turns red before these pimples appear, and all-around afterwards, it may also itch.
It is considered one of the severe because it covers a large part of the body in reddish spots and is often accompanied by pustular psoriasis. This plaque psoriasis is unstable. The lesions can last indefinitely.
Reverse psoriasis often starts in the private parts or skin folds. The breast’s armpits, groin, and underside are the area’s most often affected. It usually appears as significant, scaly patches.
The nails itch and surface are irregular, or their root tears off. The appearance of splinters or the uprooting of the nails is another symptom of psoriasis of the nails.
This type of psoriasis is manifested by fine scales, which turn into dense and thick scales that can spread over the entire scalp and around (neck, ears, and forehead). It is often confused with dandruff problems. Usually, it develops in people with another type of psoriasis.
Psoriatic arthritis occurs in people between the ages of 30 and 50. Here are its symptoms:
- pain in and around the joints
- stiffness or blockage of the joints
- fatigue or limited movement
- reddening of the eyes, loss of stiffness in the tendons
The sooner you are diagnosed with the type of psoriasis, the sooner it can be treated to relieve itching and pain. Each person’s immune system is unique, hence the importance of having a specific treatment delivered by a dermatologist.
Diagnosis of psoriasis
The diagnosis of psoriasis is primarily clinical. The mere appearance of the lesions is enough for the doctor of Psoriasis treatment Pennsylvania to make the diagnosis. A skin biopsy is sometimes done if the patient has a rare form.
Sometimes the search for an associated pathology is indicated. The doctor may look for type 2 diabetes, an abnormal lipid profile, or an abnormal liver test.
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