University of Minnesota – Wikipedia

Public university in Minnesota, U.S .
This article is about the oldest and largest campus of the University of Minnesota. For the integral system, see University of Minnesota organization
The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities ( UMN, the U of M, or Minnesota ) is a populace land-grant inquiry university in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota. The Twin Cities campus comprises locations in Minneapolis and Falcon Heights, a suburb of St. Paul, approximately 3 miles ( 4.8 kilometer ) apart. [ 9 ] The Twin Cities campus is the oldest and largest in the University of Minnesota system and has the ninth-largest chief campus scholar body in the United States, with 52,376 students at the begin of the 2021–22 academic year. [ 10 ] It is the flagship mental hospital of the University of Minnesota System, and is organized into 19 colleges, schools, and early major academician units.

The Minnesota Territorial Legislature drafted a lease for the U of M as a territorial university in 1851, seven years before Minnesota became a state. nowadays, the university is classified among “ R1 : doctoral Universities – very high inquiry activeness ”. [ 11 ] Minnesota is a member of the Association of American Universities and is ranked twentieth in research natural process, with $ 1.04 billion in inquiry and exploitation expenditures in the fiscal year 2020. [ 12 ] In 2001, the University of Minnesota was included in a list of Public Ivy universities, which includes publicly funded universities thought to provide a choice of education comparable to that of the Ivy League. [ 13 ] University of Minnesota staff, alumni, and researchers have won 26 Nobel Prizes [ 14 ] and three Pulitzer Prizes. [ 15 ] Among its alumni, the university counts 25 Rhodes Scholars, [ 16 ] seven Marshall Scholars, [ 17 ] 21 Truman Scholars, [ 18 ] and 134 Fulbright recipients. [ 19 ] The university besides has Guggenheim Fellowship, Carnegie Fellowship, and MacArthur Fellowship holders, a well as past and present graduates and staff belong to the american Academy of Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Medicine, and National Academy of Engineering. [ 20 ] Notable University of Minnesota alumni include two vice presidents of the United States, Hubert Humphrey and Walter Mondale, and Bob Dylan, who received the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature. [ 21 ] The Minnesota Golden Gophers compete in 21 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division I big Ten Conference and have won 29 national championships. [ 22 ] As of 2021, Minnesota ‘s stream and former students have won a sum of 76 Olympic medals. [ 23 ]

history [edit ]

The University of Minnesota was founded in Minneapolis in 1851 as a college preparatory school, seven years prior to Minnesota ‘s statehood. [ 9 ] It struggled in its early years and relied on donations to stay open from donors including South Carolina Governor William Aiken Jr. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] In 1867, the university received land grant condition through the Morrill Act of 1862. [ 26 ] [ 27 ] An 1876 contribution from flour miller John S. Pillsbury is generally credited with saving the educate. [ 24 ] [ 25 ] Since then, Pillsbury has become known as “ The Father of the University ”. [ 28 ] Pillsbury Hall is named in his honor. [ 29 ] [ 30 ]

Academics [edit ]

Organization and administration [edit ]

The university is organized into 19 colleges, schools, and other major academic units : [ 31 ]

Institutes and centers [edit ]

Six university-wide interdisciplinary centers and institutes work across collegiate lines : [ 32 ]

Rankings [edit ]

ball-shaped [edit ]

In 2021, the University of Minnesota was ranked as 40th best university in the global by the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), which assesses academician and research performance. [ 44 ] The lapp 2021 rank by subjugate placed the University of Minnesota ‘s ecology program as 2nd best in the world, its management broadcast as 10th best, its biotechnology course of study as 11th best, mechanical engineer and aesculapian engineering programs as 14th best, law and psychology programs as 19th best, and veterinary sciences program as 20th best. [ 44 ] The Center for World University Rankings ( CWUR ) for 2021-22 rate Minnesota 46th in the populace and 26th in the United States. [ 45 ] The 2021 Nature Index, which assesses the institutions that dominate high timbre research output, ranked minnesota 53rd in the world based on inquiry publication data from 2020. [ 46 ] U.S. News and World Report ranked Minnesota as the 47th best global university for 2021. [ 47 ] The 2022 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed Minnesota 86th worldwide, based primarily on teaching, research, cognition transfer and external lookout. [ 48 ]

National [edit ]

In 2021, Minnesota was ranked as the 24th best university in the United States by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, [ 49 ] and 20th in the United States in Washington Monthly’ south 2021 National University Rankings. [ 50 ] Minnesota ‘s undergraduate platform was ranked 68th among national universities by U.S. News and World Report for 2022, and 26th in the nation among public colleges and universities. [ 51 ] The lapp publication ranked Minnesota ‘s alumnus Carlson School of Management as 28th in the nation among business schools, and 6th in the nation for its information systems graduate course of study. [ 52 ] other graduate schools ranked highly by U.S. News and World Report for 2022 include the University of Minnesota Law School at 22nd, the University of Minnesota Medical School, which was 4th for family medicine and 5th for chief care, the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, which ranked 3rd, the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs, which ranked 9th, the University of Minnesota College of Education and Human Development, which ranked 10th for education psychology and special education, and the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, which ranked 10th. [ 53 ] In 2020, the Center for Measuring University Performance ranked Minnesota 16th in the nation in terms of total research, 30th in endowment assets, 24th in annual giving, 28th in the number of National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine memberships, 9th in its phone number of staff awards, and 14th in its issue of National Merit Scholars. [ 54 ] Minnesota is listed as a “ Public Ivy “ in 2001 Greenes ‘ Guides The Public Ivies: America’s Flagship Public Universities. [ 55 ]

Discoveries and initiation [edit ]

Inventions by University of Minnesota students and staff have ranged from food science to health technologies. Most of the public research financing in Minnesota is funneled to the University of Minnesota as a resultant role of long-standing advocacy by the university itself. The university developed Gopher, [ 56 ] a harbinger to the World Wide Web which used hyperlinks to connect documents across computers on the internet. however, the adaptation produced by CERN was favored by the public since it was freely distributed and could more well handle multimedia webpages. [ 57 ] The university besides houses the Charles Babbage Institute, a research and archive center specializing in calculator history. The department has potent roots in the early days of supercomputing with Seymour Cray of Cray supercomputers. [ 58 ] The university besides became a member of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory ( LIGO ) in 2007, and has led data analysis projects searching for gravitational waves – the being of which was confirmed by scientists in February 2016. [ 59 ] Discoveries and invention by faculty or ( former ) students include :

Campuses [edit ]

Demographics : Twin Cities ( Minneapolis and St. Paul ) campus [edit ]

Note: The flagship University of Minnesota campus is the Twin Cities campus, which comprises grounds in St. Paul and Minneapolis, the latter divided into areas on both the east and west banks of the Mississippi River. Administratively, these are all one campus, but for purposes of simplicity, this article will apply “campus” to its component parts where necessary to avoid confusion with the names of cities. As the largest of five campuses across the University of Minnesota arrangement, the Twin Cities campus has more than 50,000 students ; this makes it the ninth-largest campus student body in the United States overall. It besides has more than 300 research, education, and outreach centers and institutes, on everything from the life sentence sciences to public policy and engineering. [ 59 ] The university ( system-wide ) offers 154 undergraduate degree programs, 24 undergraduate certificates, 307 graduate degree programs, and 79 graduate certificates. The university offers the majority of these programs and certificates at its Twin Cities campus. [ 61 ] The university has all three branches of the Reserve Officer Training Corps ( ROTC ). [ 62 ] The Twin Cities campus, equally well as the campuses at Crookston, Duluth, Morris, and Rochester, are accredited by the Higher Learning Commission ( HLC ). [ 63 ] The racial/ethnic breakdown of the scholar population is : 65.3 % White, 12.7 % International Students ( that are undesignated race/ethnicity ), 9.2 % asian, 4.3 % Black, 3.1 % Hispanic/Latino, 1.2 % American/Native american Indian, and 4.2 % Unknown. Among matriculants to the university, 63 % are considered Minnesota residents and 37 % are considered out-of-state residents. [ 64 ] According to the University Office of Institutional Research, as of drop 2019 there were 31,367 undergraduates at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities campus. Of that number, 6,278 were first-time, degree-seeking freshmen. There were 12,100 graduate students .

Minneapolis campus [edit ]

The master Minneapolis campus overlooked the Saint Anthony Falls on the Mississippi River, but it was belated moved about a mile ( 1.6 kilometer ) downstream to its current placement. The master site is now marked by a minor park known as Chute Square at the intersection of University and Central Avenues. The school shut down following a fiscal crisis during the American Civil War, but reopened in 1867 with considerable fiscal help from John S. Pillsbury. It was upgraded from a preparatory school to a college in 1869. today, the university ‘s Minneapolis campus is divided by the Mississippi River into an East and West Bank. The East Bank, the main fortune of the campus, covers 307 acres ( 124 hour angle ). The West Bank is home to the University of Minnesota Law School, the Humphrey School of Public Affairs, the Carlson School of Management, respective social skill buildings, and the do arts center. The Minneapolis campus has several mansion halls : 17th Avenue Hall, Centennial Hall, Frontier Hall, Territorial Hall, Pioneer Hall, Sanford Hall, Middlebrook Hall, and Comstock Hall .

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East Bank [edit ]

Northrop Mall University of Minnesota East Bank campus in the winter Mall view, from left : Ford Hall, Coffman Memorial Union, Kolthoff Hall, Smith Hall ( in center of image ), Walter Library, Johnston Hall, Northrop, and Morrill Hall aeriform photograph of the Minneapolis campus, facing east East Bank East Bank campus in winter. Ford Hall on the impart, Nils Hasselmo Hall on the mighty of the light railing in the picture. To help ease seafaring of the large campus, the university has divided the East Bank into several areas : the Knoll area, the Mall area, the Health area, the Athletic area, and the Gateway area. The Knoll area, the oldest extant part of the university, is in the northwestern corner of the campus. [ 65 ] many buildings in this area are well over 100 years old, such as some of the 13 in the Old Campus Historic District. [ 66 ] Today, most disciplines in this area relate to the humanities. Burton Hall is home to the College of Education and Human Development. Folwell Hall and Jones Hall are chiefly used by the linguistic process departments. A residence anteroom, Sanford Hall, and a student-apartment complex, Roy Wilkins Hall, are in this area. This area is merely south of the Dinkytown vicinity and clientele area. Northrop Mall, or the Mall area, is arguably the center of the Minneapolis campus. The plan for the Mall was based on a design by Cass Gilbert, although his outline was besides excessive to be fully implemented. [ 67 ] Several of the campus ‘s primary buildings surround the Mall area. Northrop, once known as Northrop Auditorium, provides a northerly anchor, with Coffman Memorial Union ( CMU ) to the south. Four of the larger buildings to the sides of the Mall are the primary mathematics, physics, and chemistry buildings ( Vincent Hall, Tate Laboratory and Smith Hall, respectively ) and Walter Library. The Mall area is home to the College of Liberal Arts, which is Minnesota ‘s largest public or secret college, and the College of Science and Engineering. Behind CMU is another residence hall, Comstock Hall, and another student-apartment complex, Yudof Hall. The Northrop Mall Historic District was formally listed in the National Register of Historic Places in January 2018. [ 68 ] The Health area is to the southeasterly of the Mall area and focuses on undergraduate buildings for biological science students, adenine well as the homes of the College of Pharmacy, the School of Nursing, the School of Dentistry, the Medical School, the School of Public Health, and M Health Fairview Hospitals and Clinics. This building complex of buildings forms what is known as the University of Minnesota Medical Center. Part of the College of Biological Sciences is housed in this area. Across the street from the University of Minnesota Medical Center Fairview is an area known as the “ Superblock ”, a four-city-block space comprising four residence halls ( Pioneer, Frontier, Centennial and Territorial Halls ). The Superblock is one of the most popular locations for on-campus house because it has the largest concentration of students living on campus and has a multitude of social activities between the residency halls. The Athletic area is directly north of the Superblock and includes four recreation/athletic facilities : the University Recreation Center, Cooke Hall, the University Fieldhouse, and the University Aquatic Center. These facilities are all connected by tunnels and skyways, allowing students to use one locker board facility. North of this complex is the Huntington Bank Stadium, Williams Arena, Mariucci Arena, Ridder Arena, and the Baseline Tennis Center. The Gateway area, the easternmost department of campus, is primarily composed of office buildings alternatively of classrooms and call on the carpet halls. The most big build up is McNamara Alumni Center. The university is besides heavily invested in a biomedical research enterprise and has built five biomedical research buildings that form a biomedical complex directly north of Huntington Bank Stadium .

luminary architecture [edit ]

The Armory, northeast of the Mall area, is built like a Norman castle. It features a sally-port capture facing Church Street and a tower that was originally intended to be the professor of military science ‘s residency. Since it in the first place held the athletics department, the Armory besides features a secondary school. today it is home to military skill classes and the university ‘s Reserve Officers ‘ Training Corps. several buildings in the Old Campus Historic District were designed by early Minnesota architect LeRoy Buffington. One of the most luminary is Pillsbury Hall, designed by Buffington and Harvey Ellis in the Richardsonian Romanesque dash. Pillsbury Hall ‘s polychromatic facade incorporates respective sandstone varieties that were available in Minnesota during the time of construction. Buffington besides designed the exterior of Burton Hall, considered one of the strongest specimens of Greek Revival architecture in Minnesota. many of the buildings on the East Bank were designed by the fecund Minnesota architect Clarence H. Johnston, including the Jacobean Folwell Hall and the Beaux-Arts edifices of Northrop Auditorium and Walter Library, which he considered the heart of the university. Johnston ‘s son, Clarence Johnston Jr, was besides an architect and designed the original Bell Museum build and Coffman Memorial Union in the 1930s. The Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower, which is the tallest build up on the Twin Cities campus, is a celebrated exercise of brutalist architecture. In more recent years, Frank Gehry designed the Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum. Completed in 1993, the Weisman Art Museum is a typical example of his function with curving metallic structures. The outline structure is considered highly significant because it was built anterior to the widespread use of calculator aided purpose in architecture. It besides ushered in a fresh era of architecture at the university, which continued with the completion of the McNamara Alumni Center in 2000 and Bruininks Hall ( once STSS ) in 2010. Another luminary social organization is the accession to the Architecture building, designed by Steven Holl and completed in 2002. It won an american english Institute of Architects award for its innovative design. The computer architecture building was then renamed Rapson Hall after the local modernist architect and School of Architecture Dean Ralph Rapson. The university besides has a “ greek row ” of historic fraternities and sororities located north of campus on University Avenue SE .

West Bank [edit ]

Department of Theatre Arts & Dance, Rarig Center The West Bank covers 53 acres ( 21 hour angle ). The West Bank Arts Quarter includes :

  • Rarig Center (Theatre Arts & Dance)
  • The Barbara Barker Center for Dance
  • Ferguson Hall (School of Music)
  • Ted Mann Concert Hall
  • Regis Center for Art

The Quarter is home to several annual interdisciplinary arts festivals. The Social Sciences are besides on the West Bank and include the Carlson School of Management, the Law School, and the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs. Wilson Library, the largest library in the university system, is besides on the West Bank, as is Middlebrook Hall, the largest residence hall on campus. approximately 900 students reside in the build named in respect of William T. Middlebrook. [ 69 ]

Getting around [edit ]

The Washington Avenue Bridge crossing the Mississippi River provides access between the East and West Banks, on foundation and via designated bicycle lanes and a release shuttle service. The bridge has two classify decks : the lower deck for vehicles and the newly constructed light rail, and the upper deck for pedestrian and bicycle dealings. An unheated enclosed walk runs the length of the bridge and shelters pedestrians from the weather. Walking and riding bicycles are the most park modes of transportation among students. University Police occasionally reference individuals for jaywalk or riding bicycles on restrict sidewalks in areas surrounding the university, resulting in fines equally high as $ 250. This is frequently done at the begin of a school class or after pedestrians intervene with traffic. [ 70 ] several pedestrian tunnels ease the passage from building to building during harsh weather ; they are marked with signs reading “ The Gopher Way “. The Minneapolis campus is near Interstates 94 and 35W and is bordered by the Minneapolis neighborhoods of Dinkytown ( on the north ), Cedar-Riverside ( on the west ), Stadium Village ( on the southeast ), and Prospect Park ( on the east ). Three light-rail stations serve the university along the green Line : stadium Village, East Bank, and West Bank. The university partnered with Metro to offer students, staff, and faculty members a Campus Zone Pass that enables release travel on the three stations that pass through campus, [ 71 ] vitamin a well as a discounted unlimited guide for students. [ 72 ]

St. Paul campus [edit ]

aeriform photograph of St. Paul campus, facing south The St. Paul campus is in the city of Falcon Heights, about 3 miles ( 4.8 kilometer ) from the Minneapolis campus. The default option place name for the ZIP code serving the campus is “ St. Paul ”, but “ Falcon Heights ” is besides recognized for use in the street addresses of all campus buildings. The College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences, including the University of Minnesota Food Industry Center and many other disciplines from sociable sciences to vocational education, are on this campus. It besides includes the College of Continuing and Professional Studies, [ 73 ] College of Veterinary Medicine, [ 74 ] and College of Biological Sciences. [ 75 ] The extensive lawns, flowers, trees, and surrounding University research grow plots create a green and placid campus. It has a grassy promenade of its own and can be a spot of a retreat from the more urban Minneapolis campus. Prominent on this campus is Bailey Hall, the St. Paul campus ‘ alone mansion hall. Campus Connector buses run every 5 minutes on weekdays when educate is in session, and every 20 minutes on weekends, allowing students easy access to both campuses. The Continuing Education and Conference Center, [ 76 ] which serves over 20,000 league attendees per year, is besides on the St. Paul campus.

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The St. Paul campus is home to the College of Design ‘s Department of Design, Housing, and Apparel ( DHA ). Located in McNeal Hall, DHA includes the departmental disciplines of dress design, graphic design, house studies, inside plan, and retail selling. The St. Paul campus is known to University students and staff for the Meat and Dairy Salesroom, [ 77 ] which sells animal food products ( such as frosting cream, tall mallow, and kernel ) produced in the university ‘s state-certified navigate plant by students, staff and staff. [ 78 ] The St. Paul campus borders the Minnesota State Fairgrounds, which hosts the largest state fair in the United States by daily attendance. [ 79 ] The bazaar lasts 12 days, from late August through Labor Day. The grounds besides serve a variety show of functions during the rest of the class. Although the Falcon Heights sphere code is 651, the university telephone arrangement trunk lines use Minneapolis exchanges and its 612 area code .

Commuting between Minneapolis and St. Paul campuses [edit ]

On regular weekdays during the educate class, the Campus Connectors operate with schedule-less service arsenic much as every five minutes during the busiest parts of the school day ( between 7 am and 5:30 autopsy ), slowing to once every 15 or 20 minutes during earlier or later hours. [ 80 ] The estimated commute meter between St. Paul and the East Bank is 15 minutes. [ 81 ] In 2008, the system carried 3.55 million riders. Although the shuttle service is free, it is relatively cheap to operate ; with an operate cost of $ 4.55 million in 2008, the operate subsidy was only $ 1.28 per passenger. even Metro Transit ‘s busy METRO Blue Line light rail required a subsidy of $ 1.44 that year, and that was with many riders paying $ 1.75 or more for a drive. [ 82 ]

Campus base hit [edit ]

The Step Up campaign is a broadcast that helps students prevent excessive drink, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as sexual assault and early crimes, by teaching them how to intervene and prevent in a cocksure way. [ 83 ] This is done, in depart, by explaining the bystander consequence. The U of M besides has a TXT-U emergency telling text messaging system that sends out a presentment to all faculty, staff, and students in case of hand brake. [ 84 ] other resources help students get home safely. Calling 624-WALK secures an escort for walks to adjacent campuses and neighborhoods, and Gopher Chauffeur, a avant-garde service, offers rides near and on campus. Both are free and clear to all students, staff, and staff. [ 85 ] In summation, the campus has closely 200 automated external defibrillators ( AEDs ) and 200 chicken phones for emergency-only calls. The University Police Station has 20 Code Blue phones around campus that immediately connect people to their office. There are besides over 2,000 security cameras being monitored 24 hours a day. [ 85 ]

intimate assaults [edit ]

Minnesota Gophers football player Dominic Jones was convicted of intimate assault in 2008. [ 86 ] In July 2009, an appeals court upheld Jones ‘ conviction, but reduced his four-year prison sentence to one class. [ 87 ] More than 1,000 sexual assaults on campus were reported between 2010 and 2015. [ 88 ] No prosecutions for rape occurred, according to Katie Eichele of the Aurora Center, [ 88 ] until the conviction of Daniel Drill-Mellum in 2016, for the rapes of two boyfriend students. [ 89 ] Drill-Mellum received a six-year prison sentence. [ 89 ] It has been alleged that few sexual assaults on campus are reported to University police. [ 90 ] Six resulted in apprehension from 2010 to 2015 ; one was determined to be baseless. [ 90 ] In a study by campus patrol, in the years between 2005 and 2015, intimate assaults at the university remained the lapp or increased [ 91 ] despite six intimate rape resources and many anti-crime programs on campus. [ 92 ] [ 93 ] [ 94 ] [ 95 ] In August 2020, the University of Minnesota agreed to pay $ 500,000 to a woman who in the twilight of 2016, accused several Gophers football players of sexually assaulting her. [ 96 ] In February 2017, a University of Minnesota jury cleared four of the 10 Gopher football players the charwoman accused, expelled four and suspended the other two for a year. [ 97 ]

student life and traditions [edit ]

greek life, professional and honor societies [edit ]

The University of Minnesota has numerous fraternities and sororities. Including defunct branches, the greek system numbers more than 200 organizations, approximately one-half of which operate today. [ 99 ] The university ‘s greek societies include the residential Academic and Social chapters, including non-residential multicultural groups. The greek System includes some but not all Professional Fraternities, Honor Societies, Religious and Service Fraternities. Fraternities and sororities have built several historically meaning “ Fraternity Row ” homes along University Ave. SE, 10th Ave. SE, 4th Street SE, and 5th Street SE, all in Minneapolis, or along Cleveland Ave. near the St. Paul campus. [ 100 ] As of June 2018, approximately 3,900 system members made up about 11 % of the campus population. Minnesota hosts 38 academician fraternities, 20 academic sororities, 56 honors societies, 31 professional societies, and two service-focused chapters. [ 101 ] [ 102 ]

Media [edit ]

The easterly border of the Northrop Mall, jump 2008
The Minnesota Daily has been published twice a week during the normal school temper since the fall semester 2016. [ 103 ] It is print weekly during the summer. The Daily is operated by an autonomous arrangement run wholly by students. It was first published on May 1, 1900. Besides casual newsworthiness coverage, the paper has besides published special issues, such as the Grapevine Awards, Ski-U-Mah, the Bar & Beer Guide, Sex-U-Mah, and others. A long-defunct humor cartridge holder, Ski-U-Mah, was published from about 1930 to 1950. It launched the career of novelist and scriptwriter Max Shulman. A proportional newcomer to the university ‘s mark media residential district is The Wake Student Magazine, a weekly that covers UMN-related stories and provides a forum for scholar construction. It was founded in November 2001 in an feat to diversify campus media and achieved student group condition in February 2002. [ 104 ] Students from many disciplines do all of the report, writing, editing, example, photography, layout, and business management for the publication. The magazine was founded by James DeLong and Chris Ruen. [ 105 ] The Wake was named the nation ‘s best campus publication ( 2006 ) by the Independent Press Association. [ 104 ] additionally, the Wake publishes Liminal, a literary daybook begun in 2005. Liminal was created in the absence of an undergraduate literary diary and continues to bring poetry and prose to the university community. The Wake has faced a issue of challenges during its being, due in part to the reliance on student fees funding. In April 2004, after the scholar Services Fees Committee had initially declined to fund it, the needed $ 60,000 in fund was restored, allowing the magazine to continue publishing. [ 105 ] It faced far challenges in 2005, when its request for extra fund to publish weekly was denied [ 106 ] and then partially restored. [ 107 ] In 2005 conservatives on campus began formulating a new monthly magazine named The Minnesota Republic. The first write out was released in February 2006, and fund by scholar service fees started in September 2006 .

radio receiver [edit ]

The campus radio station, KUOM “ Radio K ”, broadcasts an eclectic variety of independent music during the day on 770 kHz AM. Its 5,000-watt signal has a range of 80 miles ( 130 kilometer ), but shuts down at dusk because of Federal Communications Commission regulations. In 2003, the station added a low-power ( 8-watt ) signal on 106.5 MHz FM overnight and on weekends. In 2005, a 10-watt translator began broadcasting from Falcon Heights on 100.7 FM at all times. Radio K besides streams its subject at www.radiok.org. With roots in experimental transmissions that began before World War I, the station received the first base AM broadcast license in the express on January 13, 1922, and began broadcasting as WLB, changing to the KUOM call sign about two decades late. The station had an educational format until 1993, when it merged with a smaller campus-only music station to become what is immediately known as Radio K. A small group of full-time employees are joined by over 20 part-time student employees who oversee the station. Most of the on-air endowment consists of student volunteers .

television receiver [edit ]

Some television programs made on campus have been broadcast on local PBS station KTCI groove 17. several episodes of Great Conversations have been made since 2002, featuring one-on-one discussions between University faculty and experts brought in from around the universe. Tech Talk was a show mean to help people who feel intimidated by modern technology, including cellular phones and computers .

Minnesota Student Association [edit ]

The Minnesota Student Association ( MSA ) is the undergraduate student politics at the University of Minnesota. It advocates for scholar interests on local, country, and federal levels, and focuses on efforts that directly benefit the scholar population. “ Gopher Chauffeur ”, primitively titled the MSA Express, is a student-operated late-night ride service. [ 108 ] Piloted by MSA, the 2007–2008 government of Emma Olson and Ross Skattum began the summons of transitioning the servicing to the university ‘s Boynton Health Services. [ 109 ] This was done to ensure its longevity. student reaction was overwhelmingly positive, [ 110 ] and the program was expanded in holocene years due to campus safety concerns. [ 111 ] MSA was instrumental in passing legislation in the 2013 Minnesota Legislature for aesculapian amnesty, and has focused more heavy on legislative advocacy in holocene years. [ 112 ]

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graduate and Professional Student Assembly [edit ]

The Graduate and Professional Student Assembly ( GAPSA ) was responsible for graduate and professional scholar administration at the University of Minnesota. It is the largest and most comprehensive graduate/professional scholar administration administration in the United States. GAPSA serves students in the Carlson School of Management, the Dental School, the Graduate School, the Law School, the Medical School, the School of Nursing, the College of Pharmacy, the School of Public Health, the College of Veterinary Medicine, and the College of Education and Human Development. GAPSA is besides a extremity of the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students. The University of Minnesota has the second-largest count of graduate and professional students in the United States at over 16,000. All registered graduate and professional students at UMN are members of GAPSA. It was established in 1990 as a nonprofit organization ( IRS 501 ( speed of light ) ( 3 ) ) confederation of independent college councils representing all alumnus and professional students at the University of Minnesota to the Board of Regents, the president of the university, the University Senate, UMN at big and the wide community. GAPSA served as a resource for member councils, as the primary contact point for administrative units, as a calibrate and professional scholar policy-making and policy-influencing body, and as a focus on of intercollegiate and intracollegiate interaction among students. In 2014, GAPSA split into two organizations and ceased to exist as such due to an increasing separation between the needs of graduate and professional students. COGS ( the Council of Graduate Students ) broke off from the larger body, which then renamed to PSG ( Professional Student Governance ). [ 113 ] [ 114 ] Both units continue to fulfill the early functions of GAPSA for the respective student bodies each represents .

scholar activism [edit ]

scholar activism has played an significant function at the university, including campaigns to desegregate campus housing in the 1930s and 1940s, [ 115 ] Black students ‘ necessitate over of Morrill Hall in 1969, which led to the creation of the Department of Afro-American Studies, [ 116 ] now known as the Department of African-American and African Studies, [ 117 ] the 1970 student assume against war, [ 118 ] campaigns to keep the General College open in the 2000s, campaigns against racism in 2014-2015 known as Whose Diversity ?, [ 119 ] and many graduate student unionization efforts. For model, recent labor coalition efforts in the 2021-2022 academic year have highlighted poor engage, poor people stipend conditions, and administrative disrespect for graduate student workers. [ 120 ]

Athletics [edit ]

Minnesota ‘s Twin Cities campus athletics teams are called the Minnesota Golden Gophers and are members of the Big Ten Conference and the western Collegiate Hockey Association ( WCHA ) in the National Collegiate Athletic Association ( NCAA ). As of 2019, they have won 19 NCAA championships [ 121 ] and claim nine national football championships. [ 122 ] [ circular reference ]
Since the 2013–14 school class, the alone Minnesota team that does not compete in the Big Ten is the women ‘s ice ice hockey team, which competes in the WCHA. The Gophers men ‘s ice ice hockey team was a longtime WCHA penis, but left when the Big Ten began operating a men ‘s frost ice hockey league with six inaugural members. The current acrobatic film director is Mark Coyle. The Golden Gophers ‘ most luminary competition is the annual college football game against the Wisconsin Badgers ( University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin ) for Paul Bunyan ‘s Axe. The two universities besides compete in the Border Battle, a year-long athletic rival in which each sport season is deserving 40 points divided by the number of times the teams play each other ( i.e. football is worth 40 points because they play each other only once, while women ‘s frosting ice hockey is worth 10 points per game because they play four times a year ). conference and postseason playoffs do not count in the point standings. Goldy Gopher is the mascot for the Twin Cities campus and the consort sports teams. The gopher mascot is a custom ampere old as the submit, which was tabbed the “ Gopher State ” in 1857 after a political cartoon ridiculing the $ 5 million railroad loan that helped open up the West. The cartoon portrayed shifting railroad barons as strip gophers pulling a railroad track car carrying the territorial Legislature. Later, the university picked up the nickname with the first gear university yearbook, bearing the name “ Gopher Annual ”, appearing in 1887. The Minnesota Rouser is university ‘s fight song. It is normally played and sung by the 320-member Minnesota Marching Band at events such as beginning, convocation, and athletic games. other songs associated with the university include the Minnesota March, which was composed for the university by John Philip Sousa, and Hail ! Minnesota, the university ‘s alma mater and submit song of Minnesota. [ 123 ]
The Minnesota Golden Gophers are one of the oldest programs in college football history. They have won seven national championships and 18 Big Ten Conference Championships. The aureate Gophers played their first gear game on September 29, 1882, a 4–0 victory over Hamline University, St. Paul. In 1887, the Golden Gophers played host to the Wisconsin Badgers in a 63–0 victory. With the exception of 1906, the Golden Gophers and the Badgers have played each other every year since. The 128 games played against each early make this the most play competition in NCAA Division I FBS college football. In 1981, the Golden Gophers played their last game in Memorial Stadium. Between 1982 and 2008, the school played their base games in the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in business district Minneapolis. They moved back to campus on September 12, 2009, when their modern dwelling, TCF Bank Stadium, opened with a game against the Air Force Falcons of the U.S. Air Force Academy. Often referred to as The Bank, the stadium was renamed Huntington Bank Stadium in June 2021 to reflect the acquisition of TCF Bank by Huntington Bank .

basketball [edit ]

The Golden Gophers men ‘s basketball team has won two National Championships, two National Invitation Tournament ( NIT ) Championships, and eight Big Ten Regular Season Championships. They besides have six NCAA Tournament appearances, including a Final Four appearance in 1997 and three Sweet 16 appearances. however, because of NCAA sanctions for academic fraud, all postseason appearances from 1994 to 1998—in the NCAA Tournament in 1994, 1995, and 1997 and NIT in 1996 and 1998—were vacated. Most recently, in April 2014 the Golden Gophers defeated SMU to win the NIT backing at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The Golden Gophers women ‘s basketball team has enjoyed achiever in recent years under Pam Borton, including a Final Four appearance in 2004. Overall, they have six NCAA Tournament appearances and three Sweet 16 appearances .

valet ‘s ice hockey [edit ]

The Golden Gophers men ‘s ice hockey platform has won 5 Division I National Championships, and 24 conference championships ( including 13 WCHA and 4 Big Ten Hockey season championships. They have won 14 WCHA Tournament Championships and have 20 NCAA Frozen Four appearances. A former Golden Gophers field hockey tradition was to fill a majority of the team roll with Minnesota natives. Home games are played at Mariucci Arena. The golden Gophers ‘ big rivals are the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of North Dakota .

Women ‘s field hockey [edit ]

The Golden Gophers women ‘s field hockey team has won six NCAA National Championships, most recently in 2016, and nine WCHA Regular Season Championships. They have besides won seven WCHA Tournament Championships and have eleven NCAA Frozen Four appearances. They play their family games in Ridder Arena. They were the beginning collegiate women ‘s ice hockey team to play in an sphere dedicated entirely to women ‘s ice ice hockey. In the 2012–2013 season they finished undefeated at 41–0, and are the first and only NCAA women ‘s ice hockey team to do therefore. After winning the NCAA tournament their acquire stripe stood at 49 games, dating back to February 17, 2012, when they lost to North Dakota .

Women ‘s rugby [edit ]

The first Division I collegiate women ‘s rugby baseball club in the department of state, the Golden Gophers women ‘s rugby club team won the Midwest conference championship in 2015, 2016, and 2017. [ 124 ]

Women ‘s gymnastics [edit ]

The Golden Gophers Women ‘s Gymnastics team competes in the Maturi Pavilion. [ 125 ] The team has won six Big Ten titles, the most late in 2016, when they won the even season backing with a 9–0 record .

Cross Country and Track and Field [edit ]

The Cross Country and Track and Field programs have produced several professional runners, including Ben Blankenship and Gabriele Grunwald. They besides host the Roy Griak fitting, a bombastic collegiate crabbed country meet. [ 126 ]

celebrated people [edit ]

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

References [edit ]

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