The Hook – Wikipedia

urban caption
The Hook, or The Hookman, is an urban legend about a killer with a pirate-like pilfer for a handwriting attacking a couple in a park car. In many versions of the fib, the cause of death is typically portrayed as a faceless, silhouetted old man wearing a raincoat and rain hat that conceals most of his features, particularly his face. The fib is thought to date from at least the mid-1950s, and gained significant attention when it was reprinted in the advice column Dear Abby in 1960. [ 2 ] It has since become a morality original in democratic culture, and has been referenced in diverse horror films .

Legend [edit ]

The basic premise involves a young couple cuddling in a cable car with the radio play. abruptly, a news program bulletin reports that a consecutive killer has fair escaped from a nearby institution. The killer has a hook. For varying reasons, they decide to leave quickly. In the end, the cause of death ‘s hook is either witness hang from the door handle or embedded into the door itself. unlike variations include a scraping sound on the car door. Some versions start the lapp way, but have the couple spotting the killer, warning others, and then narrowly escaping with the killer holding onto the car ‘s ceiling. In another interpretation, the womanhood sees a dim calculate watching the couple from nearby. The valet leaves to confront the figure, who then on the spur of the moment disappears. Thinking that his go steady equitable imagined it, the man returns to the car entirely to see that the woman has been viciously murdered with a hook.

In an understudy version, the couple drive through an unknown part of the area late at night and stop in the middle of the woods, because either the man has to urinate, or the car breaks down and the man leaves for help. While waiting for him to return, the charwoman turns on the radio receiver and hears the report of an scat genial patient. She is then disturbed many times by a thud on the roof of the car. She finally exits and sees the escape patient sitting on the roof, banging the homo ‘s discerp question on it. Another version has the womanhood seeing the man ‘s butchered body suspended top down from a tree with his fingernails scraping against the roof. In another translation of this variation, he ‘s hanging good side up and either his lineage is dripping on the roof or his feet are scraping against the roof. In early versions, the man does return to the car entirely to see his date viciously murdered with a hook embedded in her. early tales have the womanhood leaving the cable car when her date does n’t come back, entirely to see his mutilated body ( either on the car ‘s roof, nailed on a tree, or equitable a few short stops aside ). As she starts to panic, she runs into the lunatic and is besides killed. In another variation of the story, the woman is discovered by police. While being escorted to safety, she is warned not to look behind her. When she does therefore, she sees the ghastly aftermath of the man ‘s murder. A similar caption recounts that a young couple are heading second from a great date when their car breaks down ( either from running out of fuel or a malfunction ). The man then decides to head off on foot to find person to help with the problem while the womanhood stays behind in the car. She then falls asleep while waiting and wakes up to see a hideous person looking at her through the window. fortunately, the car is locked, so the person ca n’t get inwardly. But to the charwoman ‘s horror, the person raises both of his arms to reveal that they are holding her date ‘s sever oral sex in one handwriting and the car key in the other. The destine of the womanhood is never revealed. [ 2 ]

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lineage [edit ]

The origins of the Hook legend are not wholly known, though, according to folklorist and historian Jan Harold Brunvand, the story began to circulate some prison term in the 1950s in the United States. According to Brunvand in The Vanishing Hitchhiker: American Urban Legends and Their Meanings, the report had become widespread amongst american teenagers by 1959, and continued to expand into the 1960s. Snopes writer David Mikkelson has speculated that the caption might have roots in real-life lovers ‘ lane murders, such as the 1946 Texarkana Moonlight Murders. [ 2 ] The first known publication of the history occurred on November 8, 1960, when a reader letter telling the story was reprinted in Dear Abby, a popular advice column :

beloved Abby : If you are interest in teenagers, you will print this story. I do n’t know whether it ‘s on-key or not, but it does n’t matter because it served its function for me : A boyfriend and his date pulled into their favorite “ lovers lane ” to listen to the radio and do a little gorgerin. The music was interrupted by an announcer who said there was an escape convict in the area who had served time for rape and robbery. He was described as having a bait alternatively of a right handwriting. The couple become frightened and drove aside. When the boy took his daughter dwelling, he went around to open the car doorway for her. then he saw—a hook on the door wield ! I will never park to make out ampere long as I live. I hope this does the same for other kids. —Jeanette [ 2 ]

literary scholar Christopher Pittard traces the diagram dynamics of the legend to victorian literature, particularly the 1913 repugnance novel The Lodger by Marie Adelaide Belloc Lowndes. Though the two narratives have little in common, he notes that both are built upon a “ double kinship of crime, soil, and opportunity … Such a reading besides implies a reconsideration of the historic trajectory of the urban caption, normally read as a product of postmodernist consumer acculturation. ”

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Interpretations [edit ]

Folklorists have interpreted the long history of this caption in many ways. Alan Dundes ‘s freudian interpretation explains the hook as a phallic symbol and its amputation as a symbolic castration. swedish folklorist Bengt af Klintberg describes the fib as an example of “ a dispute between representatives of convention people who follow the rules of club and those who are not normal, who deviate and threaten the normal group. ”

American folklorist Bill Ellis interpreted the maniac in The Hook as a moral custodian who interrupts the sexual experiment of the young couple. He sees the Hookman ‘s disability as “ his own miss of sex ” and “ the threat of the Hookman is not the convention sex tug of teenagers, but the abnormal drive of some adults to keep them apart. ”

In popular culture [edit ]

A translation of the history by writer Alvin Schwartz appears in the 1981 collection of short horror stories for children Scary Stories to Tell in the Dark. [ 11 ] In film, the Hook caption has occasionally appeared : in a 1947 movie Dick Tracy ‘s Dilemma. fabricated Detective Dick Tracy pursues a homicidal killer with a crochet for a hand ; the killer whale with a hook shot root has besides appeared in comedies ; In Meatballs ( 1979 ), Bill Murray ‘s character retells the Hook caption to campers around a campfire. In Shrek the Halls ( 2007 ), Gingy tells an alternate version of this caption to his girlfriend Suzy in his flashback. The fib has, however, most frequently been depicted and referenced in horror films. Its preponderance, according to film learner Mark Kermode, is most reflected in the slasher movie, functioning as a ethical motive original on young person sex. He Knows You’re Alone ( 1980 ) opens with a film within a film scene in which a young couple are attacked by a killer whale while in a parked car. The slasher movie Final Exam opens with a scene in which a match are attacked in a park car, and later, a student is murdered in a university locker room with a hook. Campfire Tales ( 1997 ), an anthology horror film, opens with a segment retelling the Hook caption, set in the 1950s. I Know What You Did Last Summer ( 1997 ) features a killer stalking teenagers with a hook ; at the beginning of the film, the cardinal characters recount the Hook legend around a campfire. The Candyman films of the 90 ‘s, a well as its 2021 Jordan Peele update, is centered around this legend adenine well. Lovers Lane ( 1999 ), is a slasher film featuring a killer who murders teenagers at a lovers ‘ lane with a hook. The history has besides appeared in respective television programs ; “ The Pest House “ ( 1998 ), the fourteenth episode of temper 2 of the television receiver series Millennium, opens with a mangle similar to that of the urban caption. Season 1, episode 7 of the television show Supernatural features a hookman as the villain. It is the beginning fib in the first gear episode of Mostly True Stories ? : urban Legends Revealed. The canadian animated anthology series Freaky Stories ( 1997 ) has a segment in its inaugural temper based on the Hook, set in the 1950s. [ 20 ] The history is referenced in “ The Slumber Party ” sequence of Designing Women. A spoof of the Hookman is used in SpongeBob SquarePants, season 2, episode 16 : “Graveyard Shift” in which Squidward, in an undertake to scare SpongeBob out of his wits while they are working at night, tells a made-up horror fib of the “Hash-Slinging Slasher” — a black, faceless figure donning a raincoat who has a out of practice, old spatula in place of a hand. [ 21 ] The Hookman is besides used as a plot device in season 3, episode 5 of Community : ” Horror Fiction in Seven Easy Steps ” .

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See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

bibliography [edit ]

foster read [edit ]

  • Brunvand, Jan Harold (1994). The Baby Train and Other Lusty Urban Legends. W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-31208-9.
  • De Caro, Frank (2008). An Anthology of American Folktales and Legends. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-765-62129-0.
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