The kampilan ( Baybayin : ᜃᜋ᜔ᜉᜒᜎᜈ᜔ ) besides known as talong is a type of single-edged sword, traditionally used by respective cultural groups in the Philippine archipelago. It has a distinct profile, with the taper blade being much broader and dilutant at the decimal point than at its base, sometimes with a protruding spine along the flatcar side of the point. The plan of the knob varies between ethnic groups, but it normally depicts either a buaya ( crocodile ), a bakunawa ( Dragon ) a kalaw ( hornbill ), or a kakatua ( cockatoo ). [ 1 ] This weapon was featured in the american bladesmithing competition, Forged in Fire ( TV series ) ‘s temper 4 sequence 16. [ 2 ]
Names [edit ]
“ Kampilan ” is the term most normally used for the sword in the Tagalog, Ilocano and Visayan languages. It simply means “ sword ”. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] It is known by other names in early heathen groups in the Philippines including Kapampangan talibong or talibon ( not to be confused with the Visayan talibon ) ; Maranao kifing ; Iranun parang kampilan ; [ 6 ] and Tboli tok and kafilan. [ 7 ]
Reading: Kampilan – Wikipedia
history [edit ]
Kampilan are mentioned in ancient Filipino epics, including the Hiligaynon Hinilawod from the Visayas ; the Ilocano Biag ni Lam-Ang from Luzon ; and the Maranao Darangen of Mindanao. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] The kampilan besides plays a central part in the Maranao and Maguindanao traditional war dance of Sagayan, which depicts a scene from the Darangen. [ 10 ] Unlike early common precolonial Filipino bolo weapons which were based on agrarian implements, the kampilan is specifically made for war, used either in little skirmishes or large-scale encounters. [ 11 ] According to Philippine historical documents, the kampílan was widely used by chieftains and warriors for conflict and as a headhunting sword. The most celebrated probable function of kampilan in war was in the Battle of Mactan, where Antonio Pigafetta described Ferdinand Magellan being wounded on the left stage by a warrior wear “ a big cutlas, which resembles a scimitar, entirely being larger. ” [ 12 ] [ 1 ] [ 13 ] [ 11 ] In traditional societies of the Tagalog people, it is besides used as a mannequin of religious adornment in a dambana. [ 13 ] [ 11 ] Kampilan swords alone exist into modern times among the Moro and the Lumad people, due to the longer period that they avoided spanish colonization .
forcible description [edit ]
A kampilan with a crocodile knob shown with the unretentive saltwort for comparison. The sheaths are besides displayed. Among Filipino swords, the most distinguish feature of the kampilan is its huge size. At about 36 to 40 inches ( 90 to 100 cm ) long, it is much larger than early Filipino swords, [ 13 ] and is thought to be the longest, [ 11 ] though smaller versions ( sometimes called the “ kampilan bolo “ ) [ 14 ] exist. A luminary exception would be the panabas, another Philippine longsword, of which unusually large examples used for ceremony murder purposes could measure up to four feet in duration. [ 15 ] The blade is pin down near the hilt and it gradually swells in width into an about trapezoidal profile at the end. The blades are frequently laminated with respective styles of tip. Kampílan blades often have holes near the tip that are sometimes filled with administration. Rarer still are specimens that have tips exhibiting a kris -like lattice, while others have engravings down the integral blade. Although the kampílan can be used with one hand, it is primarily a ambidextrous sword .
blade [edit ]
The lamination ( convention welding ) of the blade of this kampílan is clearly visible. A close-up opinion of the feature spine on the blade ‘s tiptoe is besides shown. The laminate steel blade of the kampílan is single-edged, and made from Damascus steel pattern welding march [ 16 ] [ 17 ] and is well identified by its sharpen profile, narrow near the hilt and gently widening until its truncate point. The blade ‘s spine has led to the description of the kampílan in some documents as “ dual-tipped ” or “ double-tipped ”. [ 1 ] [ 13 ] [ 18 ]
cocktail dress or scabbard [edit ]
The scabbard is normally made of brassy woodwind and is bound with simple rattan or fiber lashings. When the sword needs to be used immediately, the sword carrier will merely strike with the sheathed sword and the blade will cut through the lashings, thereby effecting a promptly, tactical fall upon without the necessitate to unsheathe the sword. Scabbards are unadorned and are often disposable when going into struggle. Some scabbards were besides made of bamboo or were made with a treat that allowed one-half of the scabbard to serve as a modest carapace .
hilt [edit ]
kalaw (hornbill) detail of the hilts of Moro kampílan, which typically have pommel designs The hilt is quite long in orderliness to counterbalance the burden and duration of the blade and is made of hardwood. [ 1 ] As with the blade, the design of the hilt ‘s profile is relatively coherent from blade to blade. The hilt is sometimes wrapped with rattan to improve the grip. At times the hilt was bound to the hand by a talismanic patch of fabric to prevent slippage. Sometimes a chain mail covering was attached to prevent the hand from injury. Almost all kampílan originally had big metal staples protruding from the cross guard above the bobby pin.
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The complete tang of the kampílan disappears into a crossguard, which is often decoratively carved with geometric or flowing patterns. [ 1 ] The guard prevents the enemy ‘s weapon from sliding all the way down the sword onto carrier ‘s handwriting and besides prevents the pallbearer ‘s hand from sliding onto the sword while thrusting .
The most distinctive design element of the hilt is the pummel. The design of the pommel varies between cultural groups of the Philippines. In the ethnic groups of Visayas and Luzon, the pommel normally depicts a bakunawa ( or naga ), a horn dragon-like fabulous creature. [ 1 ] [ 11 ] Among the Muslim Moro people, the pommel normally depicts either a kalaw ( hornbill ) or a kakatua ( cockatoo ). early animals depicted in kampilan pommels include monitor lizards and crocodiles. [ 13 ] [ 19 ] [ 20 ] Among the Lumad people of the interiors of Mindanao, kampilan pommels do not typically picture animals, but is rather a bare arch shape that flares out at the end. Kampilan hilts are typically made from hardwood, but expensive examples that belonged to datu are covered in silver sheet or are entirely manufactured out of expensive materials such as horn or bone. Like the blade, they may possess minor holes at the tips and edges which can have attachments like bells, alloy chains, or animal or human hair tassels. Some kampilan hilts, specially among the Lumad, can besides be made entirely of administration. [ 1 ] [ 11 ] [ 19 ] [ 21 ]
like swords [edit ]
like weapons to the kampilan in the Philippines include the bangkung, laring, itak, pirah, and the banyal. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] [ 24 ] other similar weapons to the kampilan outside of the Philippines include the Dayak mandau of Borneo ; [ 25 ] the Minahasan santi of northerly Sulawesi ; and the Sangir pedang bara of the Sangihe Islands. [ 26 ] In Brunei, the officers who bear the royal regalia of the Sultan of Brunei such as the Panglima Asgar who carry the royal weapons of kalasak ( shield ) and kampilan, whereas the Panglima Diraja carry the pemuras ( blunderbuss ) and karga ( bullet lawsuit ). [ 27 ]
diachronic Accounts [edit ]
The Mindanaos use a weapon quite clear-cut from that of the Ternatans. It is a campilan or cutlas of one border, and heavier than the pointless Turkish weapon. It is a very bloody weapon, but, being so heavy, it is a risk for him who handles it, if he is not adroit with it. It has entirely two forms of use, namely, to wield it by one border, and to raise it by the early, in order to deal another stroke, its weight allowing fourth dimension for the spears of the opponents to enter. They do not gird it on, as that would be besides much perturb, but carry it on the shoulders, in the fashion of the camarlengos who carry the rapiers on their shoulders in public ceremonies in front of their princes. Besides that weapon the Mindanao uses spear, kris, and carapace, as do the other nations. Both these and those have begun to use firearms excessively much, having acquired that from intercourse with our enemies. They manage all sorts of artillery excellently, and in their fleets all their craft carry their own pieces, with ladle, culverins, esmerils, and other small weapons. — Fr. Francisco Combes, History of Mindanao, Sulu and Adjacent Islands ( 1667 )
mod Day Ceremonial Uses [edit ]
The No. 1 graduating cadet of the Philippine National Police Academy will receive the Presidential Kampilan as a recognition of his accomplishment for excelling in all aspects of the 4-year cadetship train, the No. 2 graduate will besides receive the Vice Presidential Kampilan as recognition for the 2nd best performing cadet of the graduate batch .
See besides [edit ]
Publications [edit ]
- Whittington, Jeff. “armory:knives”. Peoples of the Philippines: Filipino Arts and Crafts. The C.E. Smith Museum of Anthropology .
- Greaves, Ian; Jose Albovias Jr; Federico Malibago. “Sandata – The Edged Weapons of the Philippines”. History of Steel in Eastern Asia. Macao Museum of Art .
- “kampilan (subheading)”. History of Steel in Eastern Asia. Macao Museum of Art .