McMaster University Medical School – Wikipedia

The Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, known as the McMaster University School of Medicine anterior to 2004, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] is the medical school of McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It is operated by the McMaster Faculty of Health Sciences. It is one of two medical programs in Canada, along with the University of Calgary, that operates on an accelerate 3-year MD program, alternatively of the traditional 4-year MD program. presently, McMaster ranks 11th in the universe and 2nd in Canada for music according to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021. [ 3 ] In 2012, McMaster ranked 14th in the universe and 1st in Canada in music, according to the Times Higher Education Rankings. [ 4 ] The school received 5,228 applications for the class of 2022, the most applications of any medical school in Canada, and had an credence rate of 3.9 %. [ 5 ] The average accumulative GPA of entering undergraduates in the class of 2020 was 3.87 and the average MCAT Verbal Reasoning or Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills seduce was 129, a score in the 95th percentile. [ 6 ] Unlike many other checkup schools, McMaster University ‘s medical school does not drop any courses or years in their GPA calculation, ampere well as only uses the MCAT Verbal score in the MCAT component of their admissions calculation. Students besides have to write the CASPer admissions examination, first gear developed by McMaster in 2010. Since its formation in 1965, the school invented the small-group, case-based teach course of study which is now known as PBL or problem-based learn. In addition, the school was the first in the world to institute a 3-year M.D. program in 1969, with classes being held year round. [ 2 ] In the 1980s, McMaster developed and coined the term “ evidence-based medicate “ as a way to approach clinical problem solving. [ 7 ] McMaster besides developed the Multiple Mini Interview ( MMI ) system in 2001 for medical school admissions which has been adopted as part of the admissions arrangement in professional schools around the world. In 2010, McMaster developed the CASPer test for checkup school admissions, which has recently been adopted at respective medical schools across North America.

history [edit ]

McMaster University had long been a target of proposals for a medical school. a early as 1892, Trinity Medical College in Toronto had sought affiliation with McMaster. In the 1930s, Dr. C.E. Cooper-Cole and Dr. Gordon Murray were invited to become the first professors of medicate and operation at the university. however, the plans were late shelved. [ 8 ] In 1956, Sir Francis R. Fraser, wrote the Fraser reputation and concluded that McMaster could practicably host a medical educate. At the same fourth dimension, the Ontario politics had expressed the opinion that Ontario would need an extra aesculapian school by 1966. The main drive force behind the undertaking was Harry Thode, at the fourth dimension the frailty president of the university and late, the president. By 1965, the first dean of the new medical school John Robert Evans, was appointed. By 1966, the first five faculty members, John Robert Evans, William Walsh, Bill Spaulding, James Anderson and Fraser Mustard were recruited. [ 8 ] The school would welcome its first course in the fall of 1969, graduating its first students in May 1972. [ 2 ]

Facilities and teaching sites [edit ]

St. Joseph ‘s Hospital, Charlton Campus. The school is located at McMaster University ‘s chief campus in Hamilton, Ontario, housed within the Michael G. DeGroote Centre for Learning and Discovery, a building built in 2004 and the adjacent Health Sciences Centre. The DeGroote facility is shared with the Centre for Function Genomics, Centre for Gene Therapeutics, Institute for Cancer and Stem Cell Biology Research, Robert E. Fitzhenry Vector Laboratory, Centre for Asthma and Allergy Research ( Allergen ) and north american english Headquarters for West Nile studies, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the Bachelor of Health Sciences undergraduate program. [ 9 ] In 2016, the aesculapian school opened the David Braley Health Sciences Centre, a 192,000 square foot construction, to be used by the Family Medicine department, Hamilton Public Health and other diverse academic divisions of the checkup educate. The medical school presently operates three campuses : the chief Hamilton campus ; the Waterloo Regional Campus located on the Health Sciences Campus of the University of Waterloo in downtown Kitchener, Ontario ; and the Niagara Regional Campus located on the main campus of Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario. All three campuses offer the same course of study and lead to the lapp degree, but differ in affected role populations and teaching locations. McMaster ‘s teach hospitals are divided into two major hospital groupings : Hamilton Health Sciences, recently ranked 2nd in Canada among research hospitals and St. Joseph ‘s Healthcare Hamilton .
Hamilton General Hospital David Braley Health Sciences Centre
The school is besides affiliated with the following Ontario hospitals, where students rotate and train during their clerkship :

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educational determine [edit ]

The aesculapian school is a pioneer in its teach and admissions philosophies through the Program for Educational Research and Development. [ 10 ] McMaster created a rotation in health caution prepare by pioneering the problem-based teach ( PBL ) course of study, which has since influenced health concern department of education cosmopolitan. The instructional strategy focuses on student-driven learn, which occurs in groups. Most medical schools in North America have adopted PBL in varying degrees into their course of study. [ 11 ] [ better source needed ] In the early 1990s, the School of Medicine developed the personal advancement index ( PPI ) as an objective method for assessing skill and retention of cognition for students in the medical program. The PPI is administered at routine intervals to all students in the plan, careless of their level of educate, and diagram students ‘ increases in scores as they move through the program. Students typically score under 15 % on their first write, and increase 5-7 % with each consecutive write. Students are able to monitor the changes in their scores and receive formative feedback based on a standardized score relative to the class average. Due to the consuming achiever and research supporting the use of the PPI as an evaluation tool, it is now used in Canada, US, Europe, and Australia. [ 12 ] [ better source needed ] In 2004, McMaster developed the multiple-mini interview to address long standing concerns over the standard panel interviews as being poor people reflectors of operation in medical school. [ 13 ] This format uses short, freelancer assessments in a time lap to obtain aggregate scores in interpersonal skills, professionalism, ethical/moral judgment, and critical think to assess candidates. The MMI has systematically shown to have a higher predictive validity for future performance than traditional interviews. [ 14 ] By 2008, the MMI was being used as an admissions test for the majority of aesculapian schools in Canada, Australia, and Israel, adenine well as other aesculapian schools in the United States and Asia. In 2010, McMaster began using a computer-based simulate test known adenine CASPer as an admissions tool at the pre-interview stage. This is an assessment of interpersonal and decision-making skills that is more reliable, and predicts much more cogency than standard autobiographical submissions. The test involves respective video clips lasting 1–2 minutes in distance, followed by situational challenges and self-descriptive questions that may or may not be related to the preceding video clip. [ 15 ]

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Admissions [edit ]

The toleration rate for McMaster University ‘s checkup school was 3.8 % in 2017. [ 16 ] The Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine received over 5200 applications in 2014 for a class size of approximately 200 students. [ 16 ] The average GPA of entering undergraduates in the class of 2017 was 3.83 and the average MCAT verbal score was 11 ( 95th percentile ). [ 6 ]

course of study [edit ]

The course of study is divided into two parts : the pre-clerkship course of study and the clerkship course of study, each spanning half of the three years. The pre-clerkship course of study is divided into five aesculapian foundations, where students meet with a faculty member doubly a week in a little group setting for teaching. Learning is done using the problem-based eruditeness approach, where students set objectives, complete autonomous inquiry, and then use their small group sessions to teach others, ask questions, and challenge one another with the guidance of their tutor. Students besides dispatch clinical skills and professional competencies training at this meter. Students are not graded during pre-clerkship. Evaluations are given at the end of each medical foundation. feedback from the students ‘ tutors is given on tests and the PPI ( personal progress index test ) provides the scholar with a sense of their progress during pre-clerkship.

The clerkship course of study consists of a rotate schedule. Students move through diverse medical disciplines. These include : inner Medicine, Family Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Pediatrics, Surgery, Psychiatry, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Anesthesia, and a number of elective blocks for specialties of interest to the individual scholar. In their third gear year, students apply to the canadian Resident Matching Service ( CaRMS ) for residency educate after completion of the MD Program. Students are allowed to take an enrichment year that can final up to twelve months. Students can pursue academician work during that period, including research. In addition, up to 40 % of the time is available for clinical electives. Students can besides pursue a master ‘s degree at McMaster or other universities during that period. 98 % of McMaster graduates matched to a residency position in the beginning iteration of the match in 2016. [ 17 ]

International health electives [edit ]

mcmaster students have 24 weeks of elective time to pursue at McMaster or elsewhere. McMaster encourages students to participate in electives overseas. Students routinely travel all over the worldly concern including to countries like South Africa, Uganda, UK, Germany, United States, China, India, Japan and South Korea. Most electives are organized through external organizations or through the students own arrangements, however, McMaster has agreements with different medical universities/cities for medical electives abroad. presently, McMaster has arranged bilateral exchange agreements with the postdate universities and cities :

research [edit ]

McMaster ‘s Faculty of Health Sciences oversees $ 223 million a year in research, ranking it 2nd in Canada for 5 years in a course. [ 18 ] McMaster ‘s Hamilton Health Sciences hospital group is ranked 1st in Canada for researcher intensity with each research worker bringing in $ 711,000. It is besides graded 2nd in Canada in the top 40 research hospitals list. [ 19 ] McMaster is considered a leader in clinical epidemiology and thrombosis research with names like Dr. Jack Hirsh, Dr. Salim Yusuf leading the way. The american Society of Hematology and McMaster University are collaborating to release the official guidelines on the treatment of venous thromboembolism in 2017. [ 20 ] In Thomson Reuters list of the World ‘s most influential scientific minds in 2016, McMaster medical school had 9 unlike scientists mentioned with Prof. Gordon Guyatt mentioned in two different categories .

  • In 2010, McMaster scientists discovered how to turn adult skin cells into adult blood cells[21]
  • In 2015, McMaster scientists discovered how to turn adult blood cells into adult sensory neurons[22]
  • In 2017, McMaster researchers conducted the multinational PURE study, which demonstrated that a low fat diet was associated with a higher risk of premature death, this study was ranked the top article of 2017 by Altmetric[23]
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Population Health Research Institute McMaster ‘s Faculty of Health Sciences is home to 30 inquiry institute including the :

  • Population Health Research Institute
  • Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health
  • McMaster Stem Cell and Cancer Research Institute
  • Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research
  • Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute
  • Thrombosis & Atherosclerosis Research Institute
  • Escarpment Cancer Research Institute
  • Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Pain Research and Care
  • The Offord Center for Child Studies
  • Geriatric Education and Research in Aging Sciences (GERAS) Centre
  • Clinical Research Laboratory and Biobank [CRLB]

McMaster initiated its M.D./Ph.D. program in 2007, accepting up to three students a year into the 7 year doctor scientist program. [ citation needed ]

Funding [edit ]

In 2003, McMaster University Medical School received the largest ever contribution to a university in canadian history when Michael DeGroote donated $ 105 million to the medical school in the action naming it the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine. In 2014, DeGroote donated an extra $ 50 million to the medical school. [ 24 ] Charles Juravinski has donated over $ 43 million to Hamilton area hospitals including the Juravinski Hospital. In 2019, the Juravinski ‘s pledged to donate an extra $ 100 million to the medical school and create the Juravinski Research Centre, funding research in areas including cancer, mental health, lung and respiratory concern and diseases of aging. David Braley, owner of the BC Lions, donated $ 50 million to the medical school in 2007 to build the Braley Health Sciences Centre, a human embryonic stem cell library and an endowment investment company. In 2011 and 2012, the Boris Family donated a entire of $ 41 million to McMaster University Medical School and St. Joseph ‘s Healthcare Hamilton to found the Boris Family Centre in Human Stem Cell Therapies, establish two chairs in Blood and Neural Stem Cells, found the Boris Clinic, fund alcohol addiction inquiry and buy a surgical automaton .

luminary alumni [edit ]

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)

noteworthy faculty [edit ]

In democratic culture [edit ]

  • In 2018, The magazine Maclean’s wrote an article about McMaster’s innovative medical curriculum[28]
  • In 2017, On the TV show Amazing Race Canada, it was publicly revealed that Sam Lambert, one of that season’s contestants, had been accepted to the medical school in the class of 2020
  • In 2015, McMaster’s medical school was part of an eight part international documentary series entitled Canada’s New Doctors, by Al-Jazeera and Companion Media and Culture Co. in China, examining the topic of how to best train medical professionals
  • In 2012, McMaster medical students starred in a one-hour documentary by OMNI Television called M.D(iversity)[29]
  • In 2009, The Rick Mercer Report filmed a segment about McMaster University, visiting the medical school to see its new clinical skills models
  • In 2004, The magazine Saturday Night published a report on PBL and McMaster Medical School’s innovative curriculum

Notes and references [edit ]

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