The shot put
The putting military action is good described as shoving the shot, because the rules require that the branch may not extend behind the shoulders during the putting action. The ball-shaped shot is made of metallic. The men ’ sulfur inject weighs 7.26 kilogram ( 16 pounds ) and is 110–130 millimeter ( 4.3–5.1 inches ) in diameter. Women put a 4-kg ( 8.82-pound ) blast that is 95–110 millimeter ( 3.7–4.3 inches ) in diameter.
Reading: athletics – The shot put
The putter must launch the shoot from within a ring 2.135 metres ( 7 feet ) in diameter and so must gather momentum for the put option by a rapid twist motion. Shot-putters are among the largest athletes in lead and field, the most massive range from 250 to 300 pounds ( 113 to 136 kilogram ). Beginning in the 1950s, weight train became a major share of a shot-putter ’ mho training program. In that same period the O ’ Brien style of putting was popularized, with outstanding results. Developed by Parry O ’ Brien ( U.S. ), the vogue involved a 180-degree become ( rather than the common 90-degree turn ) across the ring, getting more speed and momentum into the carry through. O ’ Brien was the best exponent of the style, winning three Olympic medals ( two aureate ) and raising the record from 17.95 metres ( 58 feet 10.75 inches ) to 19.30 metres ( 63 feet 4 inches ). Some athletes have turned to a style in which the putter spins one and a half turns before releasing the shoot, a proficiency developed by Brian Oldfield ( U.S. ).
The discus throw
Discus throw is considered by many the classical consequence of athletics, the Greek poet Homer having made references to discus throwing in the eighth century bc. Modern male athletes throw a 2-kg ( 4.4-pound ) platelike implement from a 2.5-metre ( 8.2-foot ) encircle. The discus is launched after the throwster, starting at the back of the circle, has completed one and a one-half turns. The women ’ south discus weighs 1 kilogram ( 2.2 pounds ). legendary among discus throwers are the feats of Al Oerter ( U.S. ), the beginning to throw over 200 feet ( 61 metres ). He won an Olympic aureate decoration at the 1956 Games as a 20-year-old and at each of the keep up three Games adenine well. He besides set four universe records. A standout among women throwers was Faina Melnik ( U.S.S.R. ), who set 11 populace records.
The hammer throw
The implement used in the hammer throw is not a conventional forge but a metal ball at least 110 millimeter ( 4.3 inches ) in diameter attached to a wire, the whole implement being a minimum of 1,175 millimeter ( 46.3 inches ) in length and weighing a minimal of 7.2 kg ( 16 pounds ). The cover at the end of the wire opposite from the ball is gripped by the throwster and released after three or four consistency turns have developed utmost centrifugal storm. The throwing circle is slightly smaller than that of the discus. Women ’ s hammer throw was introduced into international contest in the 1990s. The hammer used by women is slenderly shorter and weighs a minimum of 4 kg ( 8.8 pounds ). American athletes of irish parturition or lineage wholly dominated the event from the 1890s to the 1930s and included John Flanagan, who unofficially set 17 earth records and won three Olympic gold medals ( 1900, 1904, and 1908 ). After the elapse of the Irish dynasty, the world power shifted to the easterly Europeans. Among them was Yury Sedykh ( U.S.S.R. ), who won at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics and raised the record from 80.32 metres ( 24.5 feet ) to 86.74 metres ( 26.4 feet ).
The javelin throw
Javelin throwing involves a spearlike implement that is hurled with an over-the-shoulder motion at the end of an access run. It is a calculate descendant of spear-throwing contests, introduced in the Olympics of 708 bc. The men ’ sulfur javelin weighs about 800 grams ( 1.8 pounds ) and must be at least 260 curium ( 8.5 feet ) long. The women throw a javelin that must weigh at least 600 grams ( 1.3 pounds ) and be at least 220 curium ( 7.2 feet ) long. It is the merely throwing event not using a circle. The javelin is not required to stick but must land point-first for a valid throw. Throwers from Finland have historically been a force in the event. Matti Järvinen, a Finn, established 10 universe records and improved the criminal record by 6.22 metres, ultimately reaching 77.23 metres ( 253 feet 4.5 inches ) in 1936. As records continued to be broken, there was less and less outer space within the stadium to throw the javelin safely. Terje Pedersen ( Norway ) broke the 300-foot ( 91.44-metre ) barrier in 1964, and by 1984 Uwe Hohn ( East Germany ) had thrown a exceeding 104.80 metres ( 343.8 feet ), a throw so great that it influenced a change in the design of the javelin to keep it within the safe confines of the field. Beginning in 1985, throwers used a javelin that, at the lapp weight unit, was designed to reduce the duration of the throw by 9 to 12 metres ( 30 to 40 feet ). The purpose of the women ’ randomness javelin was changed after consecutive global records pushed close to 80 metres ( 262.5 feet ) in the former 1980s.