Discord – Wikipedia

Software for Internet communication
This article is about Internet communication software. For the Greek and Roman goddess, see Eris ( mythology ). For other uses, see Discord ( disambiguation )
Discord is a VoIP and instant messaging sociable platform. Users have the ability to communicate with articulation calls, television calls, text message, media and files in secret chats or as depart of communities called “ servers ”. [ bill 1 ] A server is a collection of persistent chew the fat rooms and voice channels which can be accessed via invite links. Discord runs on Windows, macOS, Android, io, iPadOS, Linux, and in vane browsers. As of 2021, the service has over 350 million registered users and over 150 million monthly active users.


The concept of Discord came from Jason Citron, who had founded OpenFeint, a social bet on platform for mobile games, and Stanislav Vishnevsky, who had founded Guildwork, another social bet on platform. Citron sold OpenFeint to GREE in 2011 for US $ 104 million, [ 9 ] which he used to found Hammer & Chisel, a plot development studio, in 2012. [ 10 ] Their first product was Fates Forever, released in 2014, which Citron anticipated to be the first MOBA bet on on mobile platforms, but it did not become commercially successful. [ 11 ] According to Citron, during the development work, he noticed how unmanageable it was for his team to work out tactics in games like Final Fantasy XIV and League of Legends using available voice over IP ( VoIP ) software. This led to the development of a new world chat service with a focus on user friendliness with minimal impingement to performance. [ 11 ] The name Discord was chosen because it “ sounds cool and has to do with talking ”, was easy to say, spell, remember, and was available for hallmark and web site. In addition, “ Discord in the gambling community ” was the problem they wished to solve. [ 12 ] To develop Discord, Hammer & Chisel gained extra fund from YouWeb ‘s 9+ incubator, which had besides funded the inauguration of Hammer & Chisel, and from Benchmark das kapital and Tencent. [ 10 ] [ 13 ] Discord was publicly released in May 2015 under the knowledge domain name discordapp.com. [ 14 ] According to Citron, they made no specific moves to target any specific audience, but some gaming-related subreddits quickly began to switch their IRC links with Discord links. [ 15 ] Discord became widely used by esports and LAN tournament gamers. The company benefited from relationships with Twitch streamers and subreddit communities for Diablo and World of Warcraft. [ 16 ] In January 2016, Discord raised an extra $ 20 million in funding including an investment from WarnerMedia ( then TimeWarner ). [ 17 ] In 2019, WarnerMedia Investment Group was shutdown and acquired by AT & T, selling its fairness. [ 18 ] [ 19 ] Microsoft announced in April 2018 that it will provide Discord hold for Xbox Live users, allowing them to link their Discord and Xbox Live accounts so that they can connect with their Xbox Live friends list through Discord. [ 20 ] In December 2018, the company announced it raised $ 150 million in support at a $ 2 billion evaluation. The round was led by Greenoaks Capital with engagement from Firstmark, Tencent, IVP, Index Ventures and Technology Opportunity Partners. [ 21 ] In March 2020, Discord changed its motto from “ Chat for Gamers ” to “ Chat for Communities and Friends ”, and introduced server templates. This was region of their answer to an increase in users as a solution of the COVID-19 pandemic. [ 22 ] [ 23 ] In April 2020, Discord ‘s Twitter username was changed from @ discordapp to @ discord. [ 24 ] Later in May 2020, Discord changed its elementary world from discordapp.com to discord.com. [ 25 ] Starting in June 2020, Discord announced it was shifting focus away from video gaming specifically to a more general-purpose communication and chat node for all functions, revealing its new motto “ Your position to talk ”, along with a revised web site. Among other planned changes would be to reduce the number of gaming in-jokes it uses within the customer, improving the drug user onboarding experience, and increasing server capacity and dependability. The company announced it had received an extra $ 100 million in investments to help with these changes. [ 26 ] In March 2021, Discord announced it had hired its first finance chief, former head of finance for Pinterest Tomasz Marcinkowski. An inside reference called this one of the first steps for the company towards a potential initial public offer, though co-founder and CEO Jason Citron had stated earlier in the month he was not thinking about taking the company populace. Discord doubled its monthly user foundation to about 140 million in 2020. [ 27 ] The same calendar month, Bloomberg News and The Wall Street Journal reported that several companies were looking to purchase Discord, with Microsoft named as the probably lead buyer at a value estimated at $ 10 billion. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] however, they ended talks with Microsoft, opting to stay autonomous. [ 30 ] rather, Discord launched another round of investment in April 2021. [ 31 ] Among those investing into the party was Sony Interactive Entertainment ; the company stated that it intended to integrate a part of Discord ‘s services into the PlayStation Network by 2022. [ 32 ] [ 33 ]
The old Discord wordmark ( 2015–2021 ) In May 2021, Discord rebranded its game control -shaped logo “ Clyde ” in celebration of its sixth anniversary. [ 34 ] The party besides changed the coloring material pallette of its brand and exploiter interfaces, making it much more impregnate, to be more “ bold and playful ”. They besides changed its motto from “ your target to talk ”, to “ imagine a place ”, believing that it would be easier to attach to extra taglines ; these changes were met with backfire and criticism from Discord users. [ 35 ] In July 2021, Discord acquired Sentropy, a company that specialized in using artificial news systems to monitor on-line networks for abusive messages to highlight baffling users, and provide recommendations to users for the means to block such messages or users. With the skill, Sentropy ‘s tools will be used entirely for monitoring Discord servers to help with Discord ‘s goals to prevent harassment of users. [ 36 ] Ahead of a new fund polish in August 2021, Discord had reported $ 130 million in 2020 revenues, ternary from the prior year, and had an estimated evaluation of $ 15 billion. According to Citron, the increased valuation was due to the careen away from “ broadcast wide-open social media communication services to more small, intimate places ”, arsenic well as increased use from the COVID-19 pandemic. They besides captured users that were leaving Facebook and other platforms ascribable to privacy concerns. [ 37 ] Citron states that they are even in talks with several potential buyers including all major gaming console table manufacturers. [ 37 ] From this, the company secured an extra $ 500 million in further investments in September 2021. [ 38 ] In September 2021, Google sent end and abstain notices to the developers of two of the most popular music bots used on Discord – Groovy and Rythm – which were used on an estimated 36 million servers in sum. [ 39 ] These bots allowed users to request and play songs in a spokesperson channel, taking the songs from YouTube ad-free. Two weeks former, Discord partnered with YouTube to test a “ watch in concert ” feature, which allows Discord users to watch YouTube videos together. [ 40 ] Citron had posted mockup images of Discord around the proposed Web3 principles with integrated cryptocurrency and non-fungible token support in November 2021, leading to criticism from its userbase. Citron later stated that “ We appreciate all the perspectives we ’ ve been hearing in answer to the home concept you may have seen in a pinch earlier this workweek and want to clarify we have no plans to ship it at this time. We ’ rhenium excited about the potential for Web3 engineering and the plus ways these communities are coming together on Discord, particularly those organized around environmentally friendly, creator-focused projects. however, we besides recognize there are some problems we need to work through. For now, we ’ re focused on protecting users from spams, scams, and imposter. ” [ 41 ] As of March 2022, Discord employs 600 people globally. [ 42 ]

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Discord is built to create and manage secret and public communities. It gives users access to tools focused around communication services like part and video calls, persistent chat rooms, and integrations with other gamer-focused services along with the general ability to send lead messages and create personal groups. [ 43 ] Although Discord services may initially seem directed entirely towards gamers, in holocene years respective modern updates have made it more utilitarian for the general population. [ 26 ]


Discord communities are organized into discrete collections of channels called servers. Although they are referred to as servers on the front end, they are called “ guilds ” in the developer documentation. [ 44 ] Users can create servers for free, manage their populace visibility, and make voice channels, textbook channels, and categories to sort the channels into. [ 43 ] Any given server can have up to 800,000 members, as discovered when the official Discord server for the video game Genshin Impact reached utmost capacity, [ 45 ] although Discord raised the capacity to over one million members for their Snowsgiving 2021 event, an official Discord-controlled server made for the 2021 winter vacation season. [ 46 ] Starting October 2017, Discord allows plot developers and publishers to verify their servers. Verified servers, like verified accounts on sociable media sites, have badges to mark them as official communities. A verify server is moderated by its developers ‘ or publishers ‘ own moderation team. verification was by and by extended in February 2018 to include esports teams and musical artists. [ 47 ] [ 48 ] [ 49 ] By the end of 2017, about 450 servers were verified. [ 50 ] Members can help servers obtain perks in three levels via the “ Server Boost ” feature of speech, which unlocks higher timbre part channels, more emoji slots, and early perks. Users can buy boosts for servers for $ 4.99 a month. “ Discord Nitro ” subscribers get two boosts included in the price of Nitro, and 30 % off for extra boosts. [ 51 ] In 2020, Discord unveiled a raw feature, known as “ Community servers ”. [ 52 ] It includes such features like a custom welcome screen, server insights, and the ability to advertise on Discord ‘s Server Discovery foliate. [ 52 ]


Channels may be either used for voice chat and streaming or for clamant messaging and file sharing. The visibility and access to channels can be customized to limit access from certain users, for model, marking a duct “ NSFW ” ( not Safe For Work ) requires that first-time viewers confirm they are over 18 years old and willing to see such contented. text channels support some rich text via a subset of the Markdown syntax. [ 53 ] Code blocks with language-specific foreground can besides be used. [ 53 ] Discord launched Stage Channels in May 2021, a sport like to Clubhouse which allows for live, tone down channels, for audio talks, discussions, and other uses, which can far be potentially gated to only invited or ticketed users. initially, users could search for receptive Stage Channels relevant to their interests through a stage Discovery instrument, which was discontinued in October 2021. [ 54 ] [ 55 ] In August, Discord launched Threads, which are irregular text channels that can be set to automatically disappear. This is meant to help foster more communication within Servers. [ 56 ]

direct messages

direct messages in Discord permit users to send messages, partake files, live stream their blind, and call others privately outside of servers. An add feature of speech in Discord mastermind messages is the ability to create message groups of up to 10 users. [ 57 ] This acts like to a waiter ‘s text distribution channel, with the ability to initiate a call simultaneously for all the members in a send message group .

User profiles

Users register for Discord with an e-mail address and must create a username. To allow multiple users to use the lapp username, they are assigned a four-digit number called a “ differentiator ” ( colloquially a “ Discord tag ” ), prefixed with “ # “, which is added to the end of their username. [ 58 ] Discord allows users to connect assorted external platforms to their explanation, including Steam, Reddit, Twitch, Twitter, Spotify, Xbox, PlayStation, and YouTube, among others. These accounts can optionally be shown on the user ‘s profile. [ citation needed ] Users can assign themselves a profile visualize. Subscribers for Discord Nitro, character of Discord ‘s monetization design, can use animated profile pictures. [ 59 ] In June 2021, Discord added a have that allows all users to add an about me section to their profile, equally well as a custom colored banner at the top of their profile. Subscribers for Discord Nitro have the total ability to upload a inactive or animated image as their banner alternatively of a solid coloring material. [ 60 ]

Video calls and streaming

Video calling and blind sharing were added in October 2017, allowing users to create private television calls with up to 10 users, [ 61 ] by and by increased to 50 due to the increased popularity of television calling during the COVID-19 pandemic. [ 62 ] In August 2019, this was expanded with hot cyclosis channels in servers. A user can share their entire screen, or a specific application, and others in that duct can choose to watch the pour. While these features slightly mimic the livestreaming capabilities of platforms like Twitch, the company does not plan to compete with these services, as these features were made for small groups. [ 50 ]

Digital distribution

In August 2018, Discord launched a games shopfront beta, allowing users to purchase a curated fixed of games through the service. [ 63 ] This will include a “ First on Discord ” featured set of games that their developers attest to Discord ‘s avail in getting launched, giving these games 90 days of exclusivity on the Discord market. Discord Nitro subscribers will besides gain access to a rotating jell of games as separate of their subscription, with the price of Nitro being bumped from $ 4.99 to $ 9.99 a month. [ 64 ] [ 65 ] A cheaper service called ‘Nitro Classic ‘ was besides released that has the same perk up as Nitro but does not include complimentary games. Following the launch of the Epic Games Store, which challenged Valve ‘s Steam shopfront by entirely taking a 12 % cut of game gross, Discord announced in December 2018 that it would reduce its own tax income cut to 10 %. [ 66 ]

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To far subscribe developers, starting in March 2019 Discord gave the ability for developers and publishers that ran their own servers to offer their games through a dedicated shop groove on their server, with Discord managing the requital work and distribution. This can be used, for example, to give blue-ribbon users access to alpha- and beta-builds of a game in progress as an early access alternate. [ 67 ] besides in March 2019, Discord removed the digital shopfront, rather choosing to focus on the Nitro subscription and having direct sales be done through developer ‘s own servers. [ 68 ] In September 2019, Discord announced that it was ending its free game service in October 2019 as they found besides few people were playing the games offered. [ 69 ]

In December 2016, the party introduced its GameBridge API, which allows game developers to directly integrate with Discord within games. [ 70 ] In December 2017, Discord added a software development kit that allows developers to integrate their games with the service, called “ rich presence ”. This consolidation is normally used to allow players to join each early ‘s games through Discord or to display information about a actor ‘s game progress in their Discord profile. [ 71 ] Discord besides provides tools for users to create their own bots. [ 72 ] There are tools such as discord.js [ 73 ] that allow bot developers to interact with the Discord API to control their bot. documentation for the Discord API is hosted on GitHub and formatted to be displayed on their web site. [ 74 ]


Discord is a dogged group chat software, based on an finally consistent database computer architecture. [ 75 ] Discord uses the metaphors of servers and channels similar to Internet Relay Chat evening though these servers do not map to traditional hardware or virtual servers. [ note 1 ] They are rather database entities in Discord ‘s servers .
The desktop, web, and io apps use React, using React Native on io / iPadOS. [ 2 ] The Android app is written natively. [ 76 ] The background client is built on the Electron framework using web technologies, which allows it to be multi-platform and operate as an install application on personal computers. [ 77 ] The software is supported by football team data centers around the earth to keep reaction time with clients low. [ 78 ] Discord uses the Opus audio format, which is low rotational latency and designed to compress manner of speaking. In July 2020, Discord added randomness suppression into its fluid app using the Krisp audio-filtering technology. [ 79 ] Discord ‘s backend is written largely in Elixir [ 3 ] and Python, [ 4 ] american samoa well as Rust, [ 5 ] [ 6 ] Go, and C++. [ 7 ]


While the software itself comes at no cost, the developers investigated ways to monetize it, with electric potential options including paid customization options such as emoji or stickers. [ 13 ] The developers have stated that while they will look for ways to monetize the software, it will never lose its core features. [ 80 ] In January 2017, the first paid subscription and features were released with “ Discord Nitro Classic ” ( originally released as “ Discord Nitro ” ). For a monthly subscription fee of $ 4.99, users can get an animize avatar, manipulation custom and/or animated [ 59 ] emojis across all servers ( non-Nitro users can alone use custom emoji on the server they were added to ), an increased utmost charge size on file uploads ( from 8 MB to 50 MB ), the ability to shield share in higher resolutions, the ability to choose their own differentiator ( from # 0001 to # 9999 ) and a alone visibility badge. [ 81 ] In October 2018, “ Discord Nitro ” was renamed “ Discord Nitro Classic ” with the introduction of the new “ Discord Nitro ”, which cost $ 9.99 and included entree to free games through the Discord game store. monthly subscribers of Discord Nitro Classic at the time of the introduction of the Discord games store were gifted with Discord Nitro, lasting until January 1, 2020, and annual subscribers of Discord Nitro Classic were gifted with Discord Nitro until January 1, 2021. [ 64 ] In October 2019, Discord ended their barren game service with Nitro. [ 69 ] In June 2019, Discord introduced Server Boosts, a way to benefit specific servers by purchasing a “ hike ” for it, with adequate boosts granting diverse benefits for the users in that detail server. Each hike is a subscription costing $ 4.99 a calendar month. For exemplar, if a server maintains 2 boosts, it unlocks perks such as a higher maximum sound recording quality in voice channels and the ability to use an animated server picture. Users with Discord Nitro or Discord Nitro Classic have a 30 % discount on server rise costs, with Nitro subscribers specifically besides getting 2 exempt server boosts. [ 82 ] [ 83 ] Discord began testing digital stickers on its platform in October 2020 for users in Canada. Most stickers cost between $ 1.50 and $ 2.25 and are part of Discord ‘s monetization scheme. Discord Nitro subscribers received a release “ What ‘s Up Wumpus ” gummed label pack focused on Discord ‘s mascot, Wumpus. [ 84 ]


General reception

By January 2016, Hammer & Chisel reported that Discord had been used by 3 million people, with growth of 1 million per month, reaching 11 million users in July that class. [ 17 ] [ 85 ] By December 2016, the caller reported it had 25 million users worldwide. [ 70 ] By the end of 2017, the service had drawn closely 90 million users, with roughly 1.5 million newly users each workweek. [ 86 ] With the service ‘s third base anniversary, Discord stated that it had 130 million unique registered users. [ 87 ] [ 88 ] The company observed that while the bulk of its servers are used for gaming-related purposes, a modest number have been created by users for non-gaming activities, like stock trading, illusion football, and other shared sake groups. [ 50 ] In May 2016, one year after the software ‘s liberation, Tom Marks, writing for PC Gamer, described Discord as the best VoIP avail available. [ 14 ] Lifehacker has praised Discord ‘s interface, facilitate of manipulation, and chopine compatibility. [ 89 ] In 2021, Discord had at least 350 million registered users across its web and mobile platforms. [ 90 ] It was used by 56 million people every month, sending a full of 25 billion messages per month. [ 91 ] By June 2020, the company reported it had 100 million active users each calendar month. [ 26 ] As of 2021, the service has over 140 million monthly active users. [ 90 ]

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Discord has had problems with hostile behavior and misuse within chats, with some communities of new world chat servers being “ raided ” ( the take over of a waiter by a boastfully number of users ) by early communities. This includes flooding with controversial topics related to race, religion, politics, and pornography. [ 92 ] Discord has stated that it has plans to implement changes that would “ rid the chopine of the publish ”. [ 93 ] To better protect its users and its services since these events, Discord has implemented a hope and safety team that is on call around the clock to monitor the servers and react to reports. This includes dealing with exploiter harassment, servers that violate Discord ‘s terms of service, and protecting servers from “ raiding ” and spamming by malicious users or bots. While they do not directly monitor messages, the reliance and safety team can determine malicious activeness from service function patterns and/or user-generated reports [ 94 ] and take allow steps, including more detail probe, to deal with the matter. The avail plans to expand this team as they continue to gain newfangled users. [ 50 ] [ 86 ] In January 2018, The Daily Beast reported that it found respective Discord servers that were specifically engaged in distributing revenge pornography and facilitating real-world harassment of the victims of these images and videos. such actions are against Discord ‘s terms of overhaul and Discord shut down servers and banned users identified from these servers. [ 95 ]

use by extremist users and groups

Discord gained popularity with the alt-right due to the pseudonymity and privacy offered by Discord ‘s overhaul. Analyst Keegan Hankes from the Southern Poverty Law Center stated, “ It ‘s pretty ineluctable to be a drawing card in this [ alt-right ] movement without participating in Discord ”. [ 96 ] [ 97 ] In early 2017, CEO Jason Citron stated Discord was mindful of these groups and their servers. [ 98 ] Citron stated that servers found to be engaged in illegal activities or violations of the terms of overhaul would be shut down, but would not disclose any examples. [ 99 ] Following the violent events that occurred during the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, on August 12, 2017, it was found that Discord had been used to plan and organize the white nationalist rally. This admit participation by Richard Spencer and Andrew Anglin, high-level figures in the drift. [ 96 ] Discord responded by closing servers that supported the alt-right and reactionary, and banning users who had participated. [ 100 ] Discord ‘s executives condemned “ blank domination ” and “ neo-Nazism ”, and said that these groups “ are not welcome on Discord ”. [ 96 ] Discord has worked with the Southern Poverty Law Center to identify hateful groups using Discord and ban those groups from the serve. [ 101 ] Since then, respective neo-Nazi and alt-right servers have been shut down by Discord, including those operated by neo-Nazi terrorist group Atomwaffen Division, Nordic Resistance Movement, Iron March, and european Domas. [ 102 ] In March 2019, the media collective Unicorn Riot published the contents of a Discord server used by several members of the white nationalist group Identity Evropa who were besides members of the United States Armed Forces. [ 103 ] Unicorn Riot has since published extremity lists and contents of respective twelve servers connected to alt-right, whiten supremacist, and other such movements. In January 2021, two days after the U.S. Capitol attack, Discord deleted the pro- Donald Trump server “ The Donald ”, “ due to its overt connection to an on-line forum used to incite violence, plan an armed rebellion in the United States, and spread harmful misinformation related to 2020 U.S. election imposter ”, while denying that the waiter had any lead joining to the attack on the Capitol build. The server had been used by former members of the r/The_Donald subreddit, which Reddit had deleted several months previously. [ 104 ] In May 2022, Payton S. Gendron was named as the defendant in a race-driven mass inject in Buffalo, New York, that killed ten people. It was reported that Gendron used a individual Discord waiter as a diary for weeks as he prepared for the attack. approximately 30 minutes before the shoot, respective users were invited by Gendron to view the server and read the messages. The messages were former published on 4chan. Discord told the iron that the server was deleted by moderators shortly after the shooting. [ 105 ] The New York department of state lawyer general ‘s function announced an probe of Discord among other on-line services in the wake of the film to determine if they had taken enough steps to prevent such capacity from being broadcast on their services, which Discord said they would comply. [ 106 ]

early message

Discord has been claimed to have had problems with sexual exploitation of children and young teenagers on its chopine. [ 42 ] In July 2018, Discord updated its terms of service to ban draw pornography with underage subjects. [ 107 ] Some Discord users subsequently criticized the easing staff for selectively allowing “ cub ” content, or minor pornographic furred artwork, under the same guidelines. The staff held that “ cub pornography ” was branch from lolicon and shotacon, being “ allowable a long as it is tagged properly. ” [ 107 ] After numerous complaints from the community, Discord amended its residential district guidelines in February 2019 to include “ non-humanoid animals and fabulous creatures arsenic long as they appear to be underage ” in its list of forbid categories, in addition to announcing periodic transparency reports to better communicate with users. [ 108 ] On January 27, 2021, Discord banned the r/WallStreetBets server during the GameStop curtly squeeze, because of “ hateful and discriminatory contentedness ”, which users found contentious. [ 109 ] One day late, Discord allowed another server to be created and began assisting with moderation on it. [ 110 ]

See besides


  1. a b The developer software documentation refers to servers as “ guilds ”.


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