suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Box Hill is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14 kilometres ( 8.7 mi ) east of the city ‘s Central Business District ( CBD ). [ 2 ] Its local government area is the City of Whitehorse. At the 2016 census, Box Hill had a population of 11,395. [ 1 ]
Reading: Box Hill, Victoria – Wikipedia
Founded as a township in the 1850s, Box Hill grew over the succeed century into a small city with its own CBD, its own municipality in the early City of Box Hill, and its own suburbs, including Box Hill North and Box Hill South. In the 1950s, Box Hill was absorbed into Melbourne as part of the eastward expansion of the city. today, Box Hill is noteworthy for its boastfully Chinese community, and is family to the city ‘s tallest high-rise buildings outside the CBD. A major transportation system hub for Melbourne ‘s easterly suburbs, Box Hill is home to one of the city ‘s busiest aim stations, located below Box Hill Central. It is besides served by the route 109 tram and numerous bus topology routes .
history [edit ]
early colony [edit ]
Box Hill was first settled by the squatter Arundel Wrighte, once of Van Diemen ‘s Land, who, in 1838 took up a pastoral lease on the land he had previously explored in the Bushy Creek area. The first permanent settlers, Thomas Toogood and his wife Edith, purchased 5,000 acres ( 20 km2 ) in 1841 and Wrighte built a house on his place, “ Marionvale ”, in 1844. The Pioneers ‘ Memorial, which can be found in front of the town hall, is made from a lamp chimney stone, taken from Wrighte ‘s original theater. It was not until after 1850, however, that Crown lands were subdivided and sold. Traffic along a main road running through the zone encouraged the build of a hotel at Box Hill in 1853. Its owner named it the White Horse hotel and the name was bestowed on the road. Box Hill Post Office opened on 1 February 1861, [ 3 ] being the foremost official manipulation of the name. The postmaster, Silas Padgham proposed the name, derived from Box Hill, Surrey, England, near his birthplace. [ 4 ] In 1871, Box Hill township ‘s population was 154 and the district relied on orchards, vineyards and desegregate farm. The extension of the railroad track occupation from Camberwell to Lilydale in 1882 included a station at Box Hill, but there were besides stations at Canterbury and Surrey Hills, to the west. They attracted subdivisions and growth ahead of Box Hill. Growth came, though, with a educate open in Box Hill in 1887 [ citation needed ] and the town became the seat of the Nunawading Shire Council, which met at the Box Hill Courthouse. In the mid-1880s, Box Hill became a privilege area for landscape artists who wanted to paint the australian bush en plein air. [ citation needed ] These artists, among them Arthur Streeton, Tom Roberts and Frederick McCubbin, established the Box Hill artists ‘ camp, and formed what would become known as the Heidelberg School, the first distinctively australian drift in western art .
Development [edit ]
Unlike suburbs closer to Melbourne, Box Hill lacked the vane of tramlines, which promoted residential development beyond the reach of the railroad track line. In 1916–17, tramlines reached the western border of what in a short-change time would be the Box Hill Municipality, at Burwood, Mont Albert and Wattle Park. The years after World War I saw Box Hill ‘s act for residential growth. A girls ‘ technical school was built in 1924 and a boys ‘ high school in 1930. During World War II a male child ‘ technical foul school was opened .
The new town dormitory on Whitehorse Road opened in April 1935. [ 5 ] One of the arguments for its construction was that “ the blessing it would prove to the local brickworks, which had merely resumed production after a time period of abeyance ”. [ 5 ] The Box Hill Presbyterian ( now Uniting ) church build was originally the West Melbourne Presbyterian Church built 1867 on the corner of Lonsdale and William Streets ; a concluding service was held on 3 February 1935, following which the construct was dismantled and re-erected on its award site, being opened in recently 1935. [ 5 ] After the end of the Second World War, Box Hill was suburbanised, but Box Hill South and Box Hill North remained relatively unexploited. [ citation needed ]
Post-war exploitation [edit ]
high-rise buildings with a tramcar in the foreground Post-war housing expansion included a Housing Commission estate in Box Hill South. A zone hospital opened in 1956. [ 6 ] The shopping area enjoyed increase and prosperity which, ironically, by the end of the 1950s was putting a form on it ; there was not enough quad for parking. The exploitation of Myer Eastland and Doncaster Shoppingtown in the late 1960s took trade off, and the shopping center regained custom by undergrounding the railway course and place and build Box Hill Central on land, which included the previous market. [ citation needed ] In 1954, the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works designated Box Hill as one of five district centres for metropolitan Melbourne. [ citation needed ] The plan has succeeded in Box Hill. In accession to the shopping center, the Box Hill TAFE and respective office buildings have strengthened its centrality in the region. apart from commercial functions there are large reserves, with ovals in three directions, about a kilometer from Box Hill Central. Box Hill South lies between Canterbury Road and Burwood East, about two kilometres squarely. Its proximity to trams was better than Box Hill North ‘s and its residential growth was well pre- and early post-war. The Box Hill Golf Club is nearby and a linear ballpark continues along Gardiners Creek. There are church service educational institutions ; Kingswood College ( Anglican and then Uniting ) and the Christian Brothers ‘ Teachers ‘ College and St. Leo ‘s College ( 1952 and 1957 ). In 1971, a sister city relationship was forged with Matsudo, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. “ Box Hill ” is the mention of a department store in Matsudo ( ja : ボックスヒル ). Box Hill City was amalgamated with Nunawading City on 15 December 1994, to form Whitehorse City, renewing the boundaries that began with the Nunawading Parish and subsequent Shire. More recently, Box Hill has experienced a construction boom, and is immediately base to high-rise buildings. These include the australian Taxation Office ‘s Box Hill Tower, [ 7 ] the Whitehorse Towers [ 8 ] [ 9 ] and the 36-storey Sky One, which, at 122 metres, is the tallest build up in Melbourne outside of the CBD. [ 10 ] [ 11 ] More high-rises are under construction, including New Chinatown, a $ 450 million twin tugboat project which will serve as a modern “ sibling ” of the historic Chinatown in the CBD, with this development to consist of 10,000 feather meters of mixed-purpose storefronts over three levels, a 4000-square-metre “ Hawker Hall ” where visitors will find street-style food stalls, a 1500-square-metre childcare center, a chinese linguistic process school and bookshop, chinese herbalists, and a handful of chinese and western medicate clinics. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ]
Facilities [edit ]
Box Hill has a shop precinct. These scope from the shops along Station Street and Whitehorse Road, to the suburb ‘s two shopping centres. Box Hill Central is integrated with a bus exchange and the Box Hill railway station. In deep 2007, the two shopping centres merged. [ citation needed ] They are nowadays known as buildings “ South ” ( once Centro Box Hill ) and “ North ” ( once Centro Whitehorse, ) or “ Box Hill Centro ”. Box Hill is besides base to a phone number of recreational services, such as Neighbourhood Houses, a number of Scout Groups, including 11th Box Hill, Mont Albert North ( once 10th/13th Box Hill ), [ 16 ] 6th Box Hill and 1st Mont Albert Scout Groups. The Box Hill Community Centre, located 1 km south of Box Hill Central, besides provides a count of services to the local residential district. Box Hill Hospital serves Box Hill and its surrounding suburbs. Epworth Eastern, a private hospital, opened in 2005 opposite Box Hill Hospital .
- The White Horse, Whitehorse Road, Box Hill
- St Andrew ‘s Uniting Church
Demographics [edit ]
At the time of the 2016 Australian census, 64.7 % of Box Hill residents reported being born in alien countries, the most coarse being China ( excluding Taiwan and the SARs ; 27.6 % ), Malaysia ( 4.8 % ), India ( 4.2 % ), Hong Kong ( 3.0 % ) and South Korea ( 1.7 % ). 36.9 % of residents lone speak English at home. Mandarin Chinese is the moment most normally speak terminology ( 28.3 % ), followed by Cantonese ( 9.8 % ), Korean ( 1.7 % ), Hindi ( 1.3 % ) and Vietnamese ( 1.2 % ). Self-described non-religious people made up the largest one group at 46.3 % of the population, followed by Catholics ( 13.5 % ), Buddhists ( 7.8 % ) and Anglicans ( 4.5 % ). 10.1 % of Box Hill residents did not submit their religious affiliation in the census. Compared to Australia as a whole, Box Hill residents are much less probably to be Australian-born, and are more likely to have stated “ No Religion ” on the census. [ 1 ]
education [edit ]
The suburb of Box Hill has several schools, including Box Hill High School, Box Hill Senior Secondary College, Our dame of Sion College and St. Francis Xavier ‘s Catholic Primary School. For mature students, Box Hill Institute of TAFE and St Leo International College provide far education. There are two kindergartens in the area ; St Peter ‘s Anglican Kindergarten and Goodstart Early Learning Box Hill. Schools in neighbouring suburb include Koonung Secondary College, Kingswood College and Roberts McCubbin Primary School .
frolic [edit ]
The Box Hill Hawks are a local australian rules football club, playing in the priggish Football League and are based at the Box Hill City Oval. This team was once known as the Mustangs, named for the city ‘s mascot, the White Horse. They are presently affiliated with the Hawthorn Hawks. Another football team, The Whitehorse Pioneers, competes in the Eastern Football League. [ 17 ] Box Hill United Soccer Club presently competes in the National Premier Leagues Victoria 2. Box Hill Athletic Club, founded in 1932, survived through the war years and became brawny after the 1956 Olympic Games, [ citation needed ] held in Melbourne. The club ‘s master train ground was at Surrey Park, Elgar Road South, an sphere provided by the Box Hill Council. After several years of filling in and grading, the area known as Hagenauer ‘s Park was made available for athletics. Box Hill has an 18-hole golf path, located at 202 Station Street. [ 18 ] The club offers junior development programs. In basketball, the Whitehorse Mustangs celebrated its twentieth anniversary in 2009, having been formed when the North Box Hill and Surrey Hills clubs merged. [ citation needed ] The baseball club fields junior teams each Saturday in the Eastern District Junior Basketball Association ( EDJBA ), with dwelling games played at the basketball stadium of Box Hill High School. It besides runs hebdomadally social competitions for both men and women and fields a backing men ‘s team in the Melbourne Metropolitan Basketball League ( MMBL ). The Box Hill Action Indoor Sports Centre besides provides residents with dedicate facilities for indoor soccer, cricket and netball. Aqualink Box Hill ( once Whitehorse Aquatic and Leisure Centre ), run by Whitehorse Council, provides residents with an indoor and outdoor pool, basketball courts, a gymnasium, squash and tennis courts. The swim club, Surrey Park, swim at Aqualink Box Hill. The club uses the facilities of Aqualink. The surrounding parklands include ( aside from a large lake, now filled with water, but once used as a prey ) a baseball rhombus, a football egg-shaped and cricket pitches. Box Hill Rugby Club play at RHL Sparks Reserve in the Dewar Shield contest .
- Box Hill City Oval
- antenna perspective of Aqualink Box Hill
transport [edit ]
Box Hill is a major transmit hub for the City of Whitehorse and surrounding suburbs. Box Hill railway station is located under Box Hill Central Shopping Centre and is served by the Belgrave and Lilydale railroad track lines. The building complex besides includes a big bus terminus, linking commuters to a broad scope of destinations across most Melbourne suburb. Tram route 109, which runs along Whitehorse Road, was extended from Union Road, Surrey Hills, to Box Hill and opened in May 2003. It runs to Port Melbourne via the city. [ 19 ] There are V/Line coaches that run from Melbourne ( Southern Cross ) to Mansfield / Mount Buller. The coach stop is opposite Box Hill Town Hall, on Whitehorse Road. Box Hill has besides been planned as one of the locations for an exchange station on the South-eastern segment of the Suburban Rail Loop
noteworthy people [edit ]
See besides [edit ]
- City of Box Hill – the former local government area
References [edit ]
Category : Uncategorized