Bankstown – Wikipedia

suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Bankstown is a suburb south west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 16 kilometres southwest of the Sydney central business district and is located in the local government area of the City of Canterbury-Bankstown, having previously been the administrative center of the City of Bankstown prior to 2016. It is the most populous suburb within the City of Canterbury-Bankstown .

history [edit ]

Before european liquidation, Cumberland Plains Woodland occupied a lot of the area. Turpentine ironbark afforest covered a lot of what is immediately Bankstown. The land was occupied by the Bediagal people. Their country bordered the Dharawal and the Darung people.

In 1795, Matthew Flinders and George Bass explored up the Georges River for about 32 kilometres ( 20 mi ) beyond what had been previously surveyed, and reported favorably to Governor Hunter of the land on its banks. [ 2 ] Hunter examined the area himself, and established one of the initiate colonies there, called Bank ‘s Town, nowadays written as one parole : Bankstown. [ 3 ] Hunter named the area Bankstown after Sir Joseph Banks, who travelled to Australia with Captain James Cook in 1770. The area of first european liquidation along the river has been partially preserved as character of the Mirambeena Regional Park. The first town hall and Council Chambers were opened on 22 october 1898 by Mayor Ines Peter Miller [ 4 ] on the northern side of the Hume Highway ( Liverpool Road ), near Rookwood Road ( locate of the Three Swallows Hotel ). The council chambers were relocated to a new build up in South Terrace ( now Old Town Centre Plaza ) in June 1918. The build still stands and now has a denounce arcade running through it. Foundation stones from the old Town Halls have been preserved in a display outside the stream Council Chambers. In 1826, bush rangers were hanged on the site of the water loom Bankstown Reservoir. [ 5 ]

World War II [edit ]

Bankstown Plaza in 1946 In 1939, local anesthetic residents were made toilet to the events of World War II. Conscripted residents were required to report for duty at a drill hall on Canterbury Road, Belmore. Camps were set up in and around Canterbury Racecourse and local parks in the zone. Residents with foreign names were sent to internment camps as there was growing suspicion about residents with foreign names. A helping of these folk were australian citizens who served with the Australian armed forces during World War I. [ 6 ] : 14–16 During World War II, Bankstown Airport was established as a samara strategic air travel base to support the war feat. After the arrival of Douglas MacArthur in Australia, control of Bankstown Airport was handed to US Forces, becoming dwelling to US 35th Fighter Squadron and the 41st Pursuit Squadron of the United States Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces who occupied the airport from 1942 to 1944. In 1945 operations became the province of the british Fleet Air Arm, known as HMS Nabberley, [ 7 ] until 1946, when it was handed back to the RAAF. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] During this period an RAAF whole known as No. 1 Fighter Sector RAAF took control of the Capital Hall in Bankstown. This unit was formed in Bankstown, on 25 February 1942. Their living quarters were located future door and down the road from the hall and the staff were housed in galvanize iron barracks. Operations were handed over to the United States Army Air Corps on 10 April 1942 before they were transferred to a disused railway tunnel at St James railroad track post in Sydney. The unit was renamed Air Defence Headquarters Sydney ( ADHQ ) on 21 January 1945 and moved into a three-storey semi-underground purpose built operations and plotting adeptness at Bankstown, known as the Bankstown Bunker. [ 10 ] World War II began Bankstown ‘s industrial rotation. few factories or industry of any consequence were located in Bankstown prior to 1945 ; this was changed dramatically between 1942 and 1954, specially when the Department of Aircraft Production gave blessing for aircraft manufacturer Hawker De Havilland to operate a factory at the airport for the production and manufacture of de Havilland Mosquito bombers. There are now over seven-thousand businesses operating within the Bankstown zone. [ 11 ]

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Bankstown Bunker [edit ]

The Bankstown Bunker is a disused RAAF operations facility, located on the corner of Marion and Edgar Street, Bankstown. The particularly constructed bunker became an authoritative Royal Australian Air Force headquarter from 1945 until its closure in 1947. [ 6 ] : 13 The Bankstown Bunker is of alike design to the underground Ops rooms of wartime England, which directed Britain ‘s air defense combatant airplane attacks on the invade german Luftwaffe. capture to the bunker was obtained through a concrete passageway which was well screened by a grassy slope ; a stairway led to a tangle of corridors and hallways leading to diverse sections. [ 12 ] [ 13 ] The Bankstown bunker is presently buried under a public park, surrounded by residential dwellings at the northern end of Taylor Street. [ 14 ] [ 15 ]

Post World War II [edit ]

After World War II, Bankstown ‘s population increased dramatically. People relocated from the inner-city and incoming migrants came, first as refugees from Europe and towards the conclusion of the twentieth century from Asia and the Middle East ( particularly Vietnamese and Lebanese [ 16 ] ) and the rest of the world. Bankstown Council relocated to its third base premises in 1963 when the Civic Centre that was located on the corner of Chapel Road and The Mall was constructed. It included the Council Chambers, or ‘Roundhouse ‘. The current town hallway was built in 1973. The administration build which was partially of the 1963 premises, was destroyed by fire on 1 July 1997. Council offices relocated to Bankstown Civic Tower ( the blue tugboat ) in 1999 and on 13 June 2000 Bankstown ‘s now popular Central Park, where the former government building once stood, was officially declared Paul Keating Park. [ 6 ] : 13

inheritance [edit ]

Bankstown has a count of heritage-listed sites, including :

climate [edit ]

Bankstown has a humid subtropical climate ( Köppen climate classification : Cfa ). Like most of western Sydney, it has warm to hot summers and balmy winters. The average summer temperature range is from 17.6 °C ( 63.7 °F ) to 27.8 °C ( 82.0 °F ), although blistering north-westerly winds can cause temperatures to rise up to 40 °C ( 104 °F ). On median, Bankstown has 8.8 days per class where the temperature rises above 35 °C ( 95 °F ), [ 18 ] as opposed to only 3.0 days for Sydney Observatory Hill. [ 19 ] The median winter temperature roll is from 5.9 °C ( 42.6 °F ) to 18.0 °C ( 64.4 °F ). On an modal of one night a year, the minimal temperature falls below freezing ( 0 °C ). [ citation needed ] The highest temperature recorded at Bankstown was 46.1 °C ( 115.0 °F ) on 18 January 2013, and the lowest temperature recorded was -4.0 °C ( 24.8 °F ) on 26 July 1968. Bankstown ‘s annual mean rain is 869.0mm, slightly less than the Sydney CBD, which is affected more by coastal showers which do not penetrate very far inland .

Climate data for Bankstown Airport, New South Wales, Australia (1991-2020 normals and extremes)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.0
(116.6)
45.3
(113.5)
40.1
(104.2)
35.9
(96.6)
28.8
(83.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.8
(80.2)
30.2
(86.4)
35.0
(95.0)
37.4
(99.3)
41.9
(107.4)
44.9
(112.8)
47.0
(116.6)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 35.6
(96.1)
33.7
(92.7)
31.2
(88.2)
27.8
(82.0)
24.2
(75.6)
20.7
(69.3)
20.2
(68.4)
23.3
(73.9)
27.7
(81.9)
31.2
(88.2)
33.1
(91.6)
33.7
(92.7)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
28.2
(82.8)
26.5
(79.7)
24.0
(75.2)
20.8
(69.4)
18.0
(64.4)
17.6
(63.7)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72.0)
24.4
(75.9)
25.8
(78.4)
27.6
(81.7)
23.6
(74.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
21.5
(70.7)
18.4
(65.1)
15.1
(59.2)
12.5
(54.5)
11.5
(52.7)
12.7
(54.9)
15.6
(60.1)
18.2
(64.8)
20.3
(68.5)
22.2
(72.0)
17.9
(64.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
18.3
(64.9)
16.4
(61.5)
12.8
(55.0)
9.3
(48.7)
6.9
(44.4)
5.4
(41.7)
6.0
(42.8)
8.9
(48.0)
12.0
(53.6)
14.7
(58.5)
16.8
(62.2)
12.2
(53.9)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
15.1
(59.2)
12.9
(55.2)
9.4
(48.9)
5.3
(41.5)
3.0
(37.4)
2.0
(35.6)
2.6
(36.7)
5.1
(41.2)
7.7
(45.9)
10.7
(51.3)
13.0
(55.4)
2.0
(35.6)
Record low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
10.0
(50.0)
8.1
(46.6)
2.4
(36.3)
1.6
(34.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.0
(32.0)
4.8
(40.6)
6.8
(44.2)
6.3
(43.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 87.3
(3.44)
107.3
(4.22)
81.7
(3.22)
67.1
(2.64)
55.1
(2.17)
83.0
(3.27)
44.5
(1.75)
42.7
(1.68)
44.2
(1.74)
53.2
(2.09)
67.8
(2.67)
66.6
(2.62)
800.5
(31.51)
Average precipitation days ( ≥ 1.0 millimeter ) 7.6 7.4 8.3 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.4 3.9 5.0 6.0 7.4 7.5 77.3
Average relative humidity (%) 62.5 67.0 66.5 63.5 66.5 67.5 65.0 55.5 53.5 54.5 60.0 60.0 61.8
Average dew point °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
17.1
(62.8)
15.2
(59.4)
12.1
(53.8)
9.7
(49.5)
7.5
(45.5)
6.0
(42.8)
5.2
(41.4)
7.4
(45.3)
9.7
(49.5)
12.4
(54.3)
14.4
(57.9)
11.1
(52.0)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 254.2 201.6 229.4 234.0 238.7 174.0 248.0 260.4 258.0 254.2 282.0 288.3 2,922.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.2 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.7 5.8 8.0 8.4 8.6 8.2 9.4 9.3 8.0
Mean daily daylight hours 14.1 13.3 12.3 11.2 10.4 9.9 10.1 10.9 11.9 12.9 13.9 14.4 12.1
Percent possible sunshine 58 54 60 70 74 59 79 77 72 64 68 65 67
Source 1: Bureau of Meteorology[20]
Source 2: Weather-Atlas (sun)[21]
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commercial sphere [edit ]

Bankstown ‘s central commercial enterprise district is clustered around Bankstown railroad track station. The commercial area beside the railroad track place is known as Bankstown Plaza, while the cultural diverseness of the area has resulted in a host of restaurants, eateries and cafe. Bankstown Central, once known as Centro Bankstown and previously known as Bankstown Square, is a large patronize center, immediately to the northeasterly of the railroad track place. It was inaugural opened in 1966 and has been expanded a issue of times. Bankstown is the seat of major diligence including the aviation, engineering and care at Bankstown Airport. early employers include minor industrial operations, the populace service and the retail industry. The suburb is affected with unusually high unemployment and is subject to a dedicate income management course of study specifically targeting the problem. [ 22 ]
Panoramic scene of Bankstown CBD

ecstasy [edit ]

southerly entrance to Bankstown railroad track station Bankstown railroad track station is on the Bankstown agate line of the Sydney Trains network. The vilify lineage was built to Belmore in 1895 and then extended to Bankstown in 1909. The line was electrified in 1926. In 1928, the line was extended westwards from Bankstown to join the Main Suburban railway at Lidcombe and the Main South occupation to Liverpool. Bankstown is a major bus interchange for a number of bus services. The Sydney Metropolitan Airport, more normally known as Bankstown Airport, was established in 1940 and is constructed on 313 hectares. It has three runways, an extensive taxiway and includes a boastfully commercial enterprise parking lot containing over 170 businesses .

Parks [edit ]

major parks within Bankstown include McLeod Reserve, Bankstown Oval, Paul Keating Park and Bankstown City Gardens. ‘Bankstown City Gardens ‘ were opened to the public in 1973. These gardens consist of many unusual types of plant found in Bankstown and the surrounding area. The park consist of different areas, native, tropical, rose garden and Perennial. [ 23 ] ‘ Paul Keating Park ‘ was built on the web site of Bankstown Council ‘s former administration build, after it was destroyed by fire on 1 July 1997 .

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Schools [edit ]

In 1862, the Church of England School was foremost opened and was commissioned as a public school in 1867. [ citation needed ] Bankstown ‘s first base public school was built where McLeod Reserve is presently situated in 1880. In 1882 49 boys and 36 girls were enrolled, and care expenses totalled 219 pounds, eight shillings and 11 penny. The school ‘s first headmaster was Dugald McLeod who taught at the school since its possibility until 1912. The web site of the well used by Bankstown Public School is nowadays commemorated by a plaque. The school was demolished in 1924 due to the exploitation of North Bankstown School in the same year. [ 24 ] The stream Bankstown Public School, located in Restwell Street Central Bankstown, opened in 1915. It recently celebrated its centennial ( 1915-2015 ). Since then Bankstown has seen the development of several unlike educational facilities, such as, Al Amanah College, Bankstown Senior College ( once Bankstown Boys High School 1963–1991 ), Bankstown Girls High School, Georges River Grammar School, LaSalle Catholic College and St Euphemia College. third institutions located in the suburb include TAFE NSW Bankstown and Western Sydney University Bankstown Campus .

Community facilities [edit ]

Bankstown Library and Knowledge Centre

library [edit ]

The Bankstown Central Library [ 25 ] has served Bankstown on its deliver locate in The Mall since 1954. Eight years earlier in 1946, Bankstown became the inaugural municipality to adopt the Library Act of 1939 by opening a Children ‘s Library, located at Restwell Street. The Bankstown Central Library was demolished in 1981 to make way for a different facility which opened in 1983. [ citation needed ] Bankstown ‘s current library, the Bankstown Library and Knowledge Centre was opened in April 2014. The library was designed by FJMT and is located following to the Western Sydney University Bankstown Campus. [ 26 ]

Places of worship [edit ]

Truc Lam and Huyen Quang Temple, Vietnamese Buddhist temples, are located in the suburb. [ 27 ]

population [edit ]

Demographics [edit ]

Bankstown has one of the most ethnically divers communities in Australia. Bankstown is considered one of the most multicultural areas in the country with over 60 different languages spoken by the people of this suburb. In the 2016 census, Bankstown recorded a population of 32,113 people : of 50.7 % female and 49.3 % male. The median historic period of the Bankstown population was 32 years, 6 years below the national median of 38. 37.1 % of people living in Bankstown were born in Australia. The adjacent lead responses for country of birth were Vietnam 14.1 %, Lebanon 6.2 %, China 5.3 %, Pakistan 3.1 % and Bangladesh 2.1 %. The most common ancestries in Bankstown were vietnamese 16.3 %, lebanese 12.7 %, chinese 9.5 %, australian 6.8 % and english 5.6 %. 17.7 % of people spoke only English at home ; the following most coarse languages were 21.1 % Arabic, 19.0 % vietnamese, 4.9 % Mandarin, Urdu 4.0 % and Cantonese ( 3.6 % ) In the 2016 Census, the largest responses to the question on religion in Bankstown were 37.9 % Christian, 28.9 % Islam, 17.7 % No Religion, 11.2 % not stated and 11.1 % Buddhist. Catholic, 12.9 % was the largest christian appellation. [ 1 ]

luminary residents [edit ]

The follow people are residents or early residents of Bankstown :

veranda [edit ]

References [edit ]

  • Sue Rosen 1996, Bankstown, a Sense of Identity

Coordinates :

source : https://shayski.com
Category : Uncategorized

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